Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: KYD980601975
Location: West Point, Jefferson County, KY
Lat/Long: 38.006930, -085.931110
Congressional District: 02/03
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None
Site Manager: Michael Townsend (email@example.com)
Current Site Status
The Distler Farm site includes an area where Kentucky Liquid Recycling, Inc. disposed of industrial wastes in the 1970s. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from waste handling practices. EPA and the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection (KDEP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. By treating and monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA and KDEP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
Site Location and Background
The 3-acre site is located on U.S. Route 60/31 West (Dixie Highway), one mile northeast of West Point in Jefferson County, Kentucky. The site is located on part of a larger 27-acre property, which is an open field. U.S. Route 60/31 West borders the site to the north and west. The Ohio Valley Raceway racetrack borders the site to the east and south. Stump Gap Creek runs through the site property. Undeveloped agricultural land is located southwest and northeast of the site. Several residences and the Ohio River are located northwest of the site, across U.S. Route 60/31 West. The Distler Brickyard Superfund site is located two miles south of the site.
During the 1970s, Kentucky Liquid Recycling, Inc. stored and disposed of industrial chemical wastes at the site. In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is not in use.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) toluene and benzene as well as chromium and lead.
EPA has addressed soil contamination at the site.
Ground water contamination remains at the site. KDEP continues to monitor site ground water.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
EPA led site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with KDEP.
In 2002, KDEP took over cleanup activities as well as operation and maintenance activities at the site.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1986, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up and removing contaminated soil.
- Disposing of contaminated soil at an off-site landfill.
- Backfilling the dug-up areas with clean soil.
- Grading and revegetating the backfilled areas.
- Extracting and storing contaminated ground water on site for treatment.
- Treating contaminated ground water on site and discharging treated water to the local water treatment facility.
- Injecting uncontaminated water into the ground water aquifer.
- Conducting operation and maintenance activities.
In 1988, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to require the cleanup of soil and ground water to health-based criteria levels.
During an inspection in 1977, EPA found 600 drums of waste at the site. Following Ohio River flooding in 1978, EPA found more than 800 additional drums at the site. EPA also found several waste burial locations. EPA and KDEP removed 120 drums and more than 2,600 small containers of hazardous wastes, disposing of them at an off-site facility.
In 1988, EPA found additional drums while constructing a site access road. The drums contained medical and laboratory waste, herbicides, solvents, solids and lab pack materials. EPA removed 25 drums as well as approximately 150 square feet of contaminated soil to a depth of 15 feet.
EPA found additional drums containing hospital wastes and removed the drums and surrounding contaminated soil. EPA also conducted final cleanup activities, which included digging up 300 tons of soil, incinerating the soil at an off-site facility, backfilling the dug-up areas with clean soil and seeding the backfilled areas with grass.
In 1989, EPA installed a ground water treatment system at the site, including extraction wells, pipes and a temporary storage tank. EPA conducted ground water treatment between 1991 and 2001. In 2002, KDEP assumed responsibility for site cleanup activities, including the treatment of ground water.
The site’s fourth Five-Year Review, completed in 2008, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment in the short term. For the cleanup to be protective over the long term, the Five-Year Review recommended that KDEP monitor the site and collect additional data for one year, evaluate the need for institutional controls at the site, continue operation and maintenance activities, and post signs to identify the site and unsecured wells.
EPA is using federal funds for site cleanup activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and information meetings.
KDEP continues to monitor ground water and collect ground water data. EPA plans to evaluate the data and determine the site’s status.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2008 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2013.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
West Point City Hall – City Clerk
509 Elm Street
West Point, KY 40177