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ABC One Hour Cleaners

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Air stripping building at the ABC One-Hour Cleaners site.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: NCD024644494
Location: Jacksonville, Onslow County, NC
Lat/Long: 34.741400, -77.366600
Congressional District: 07
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 03/31/89
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None
Site Manager: Gena Townsend (townsend.gena@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The ABC One Hour Cleaners site includes an area where there was a dry cleaning facility from 1964 until 2005 and a dry cleaning drop-off location from 2005 until 2011. The EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from facility operations. The EPA and the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating ground water and soil, placing institutional controls on the site, and conducting required Five-Year Reviews, the EPA and NCDENR continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

Site Location and Background

The 1-acre site is located on Lejeune Boulevard in Jacksonville, Onslow County, North Carolina. The dry cleaning facility at the site used tetrachloroethylene (PCE or PERC) as a dry cleaning solvent and disposed of associated wastes on site. Following dry cleaning operations at the site, City of Jacksonville condemned the building on site in 2011 due to damage caused by Hurricane Irene. Residential areas border the site to the north. Lejeune Boulevard borders the site to the south. Commercial land uses border the site to the east and west. The site is located north of the Camp Lejeune Military Res. (US Navy) Superfund site and Tarawa Terrace Elementary School. In 1989, the EPA placed the site on the NPL. The site is not currently in use.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include tetrachloroethylene (PCE or PERC) and its breakdown components – trichloroethene (TCE), 1-2 dichloroethene (DCE) and vinyl chloride.

In 2007, the EPA assessed whether residents or students might be at risk from harmful ground water and soil vapors in buildings. The EPA found that vapor intrusion did not pose a threat to residents and students.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

The EPA leads site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with NCDENR.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which the EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: ground water contamination; and OU-2: soil contamination.

In 1993, the EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included:

In 1994, the EPA issued a cleanup plan (ROD) for OU-2. The plan included:

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

The site’s ground water extraction and treatment system began operation in 1996. The SVE system began operation in mid-1998. Both systems will continue to operate until cleanup goals are achieved. The groundwater extraction and treatment system was taken off-line on January 31, 2011 to allow the groundwater to return to natural conditions, in order to collect the most representative Natural Attenuation parameters. the city (Jacksonville, NC) condemned the ABC Cleaners building on September 6, 2011, due to damage caused by Hurricane Irene. As a result of the damaged building the SVE system has since been removed andis no longer in service. the middle sectio of the structure has also been removed with only the slab flooring remaining.

The EPA conducted additional soil, soil vapor and ground water sampling in the Tarawa Terrace neighborhood and Tarawa Terrace Elementary School in 2007. Sampling confirmed that vapor intrusion did not pose a threat to residents or students. 

A more comprehensive characterization of source material distribution at the source andin the groundwater is underway to evaluate appropriate technologies to enhance the current remedies. This characterization is expected to be completed in FY16.

The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2013, found that the cleanup continues to protect people and the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available online in the Five-Year Review.  

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Enforcement Activities

The EPA was unable to identify any viable potentially responsible parties for the site. The EPA is using federal funds for site cleanup activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

The EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

The EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices and information meetings.

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Future Work

The site’s ground water and soil treatment systems will continue to operate until contaminated ground water and soil reach cleanup level goals.

The EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2013. The EPA plans to complete the next Five-Year Review 2018.

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Additional Information

The EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. The EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Onslow County Public Library
58 Doris Avenue East
Jacksonville, NC 28540

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