Battery Tech (Duracell-Lexington)
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: NCD000648402
Location: Lexington, Davidson County, NC
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Site
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete – physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use
Site Manager: Ken Mallary (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Battery Tech (Duracell-Lexington) site includes an area where a former battery manufacturing facility operated from the 1950s until 2007. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing the site through the Superfund Alternative Approach. EPA, the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR), and Proctor & Gamble, the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects residences and businesses near the site to the public water supply. By treating and monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Review, EPA, NCDENR and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 26-acre site is located at 305 U.S. Highway 64 East in Lexington, Davidson County, North Carolina. Formerly, the site included four plant facilities which have been demolished. The site includes one building that houses the site’s ground water treatment system and an office. Undeveloped forested land borders the site to the north, U.S. Highway 64 East borders the site to the south and industrial and commercial businesses border the site to the east and west. Residences are located north of the site. The site’s broader surroundings include industrial, commercial and residential land uses. It is anticipated that these land uses will not change significantly in the near future.
From the 1950s until 2007, a battery manufacturing facility operated at the site. Operations included the production of various chemical compounds for use in on-site battery assembly and discharging cleaning wastes into an on-site pit. Operations also included use of a mercury reclamation furnace that released mercury emissions into the air.
EPA did not list the site on the NPL but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. The site is not in use. The site’s cleanup supports commercial and industrial uses. Fencing surrounds the site and limits access.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water, sediment, soil and biological media that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from facility operations and waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and mercury.
Contamination affected soil and sediment on site and ground water on site and off site. Soil and sediment contamination has been addressed. While ground water contamination remains, businesses and residents do not use the affected ground water.
EPA considered children’s health issues as part of the site’s risk assessment.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
Proctor & Gamble, the site’s PRP, led site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and NCDENR.
Site Cleanup Plan
Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: on-site and off-site soil, surface water, sediments and biological media and OU-2: on-site and off-site ground water.
In 1999, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:
- Stabilizing and solidifying contaminated soil in the former Plant #2 area on site.
- Capping stabilized and solidified soil on site.
- Using chemicals called oxidants to break down contaminants in soil in the former solvent disposal area.
- Capping the former solvent disposal area.
- Digging up contaminated soil in the Building #4 area and the northern site area and disposing of it off site.
- Digging up contaminated soil and sediment located outside the facility fence line and disposing of it off site.
- Capping other areas within the facility fence line to address ecological concerns.
- Monitoring soil, sediment and biological media.
In 2002, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to update cleanup activities for OU-1, selecting off-site treatment and on-site disposal and capping for contaminated soil.
In 2002, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:
- Placing institutional controls on the site property to prohibit future residential use and to prohibit use of contaminated ground water on site and off site for domestic purposes.
- Using a ground water pump-and-treat system to contain contaminated ground water and prevent additional spreading of contaminated ground water off site.
In 2003, EPA issued an ESD to further modify cleanup activities for OU-1, selecting off-site treatment, off-site disposal and limited on-site capping for contaminated soil.
In 2002, the site’s PRP began cleanup activities for OU-1.
The PRP completed the remedial designs for OU-1 and OU-2 in 2003.
In 2003, the PRP began cleanup activities for OU-2, including the use of the site’s ground water pump-and-treat system.
In 2007, the facility closed and the PRP demolished and removed the two remaining buildings on site. The PRP also addressed contamination beneath the buildings following their demolition.
The site’s first Five-Year Review, completed in 2007, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment. The Five-Year Review also required that the PRP dig up additional sediment. The PRP completed this activity in 2008.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRP to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and information meetings.
The PRP continues to operate the site’s pump-and-treat system to address ground water contamination.
EPA and the PRP are evaluating additional ground water cleanup technologies for potential use in enhancing the pump-and-treat system.
Ground water monitoring is ongoing.
The EPA completed Five Year Reviews in 2007 and 2013, and will conduct the next Five Year Review in 2017.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Davidson County Public Library
602 South Main Street
Lexington, NC 27292-3239