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Arkwright Dump

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: SC0002333227
Location: Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, SC
Congressional District: 04
NPL Status: Non-NPL
Affected Media: Soil, Ground water, Surface water, and Sediment
Cleanup Status: Design of physical cleanup activities is underway
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (jones.yvonneo@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Arkwright Dump site includes the area where the City of Spartanburg operated a landfill during the 1950s and 1960s. EPA became involved at the site in the 1990s. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the City of Spartanburg, the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Since 2007, SCDHEC has overseen the site under the state’s Superfund program. The city is currently installing an engineered cap over the landfill area.

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Site Location and Background

The site is a 30-acre property located at the north end of Hilltop Lane in the Arkwright neighborhood, immediately south of the city boundary of Spartanburg, South Carolina. Surrounding properties include residential, industrial and undeveloped areas. The site property is a rectangle bounded by Fairforest Creek to the east, a former fertilizer plant to the north – the International Mineral and Chemical Corp. (IMC) site, an active chemical manufacturing facility to the west, and homes to the south and southeast.

The leader of a local community group initially brought the site to EPA’s attention in 1998. Information from aerial photography and city personnel indicates that the City of Spartanburg operated a dump (later a landfill) on the site during the 1950s and 1960s. Operators likely accepted mostly municipal wastes; they may have also accepted medical, automotive and other wastes. In 1972, the city closed the landfill and placed a soil cover over the buried wastes. In 1976, the city sold the property to a private citizen. The site remains unused but is part of a larger 500-acre area that is the focus of a nationally recognized revitalization effort known as the ReGenesis project. The community organization ReGenesis, Inc. leads the project with support from federal, state and local partners, including EPA, SCDHEC, and the City and County of Spartanburg.

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Threats and Contaminants

Initial evaluation of the site by EPA in early 1998 revealed no immediate short-term threats to human health or the environment. A follow-up investigation in 1999 identified the presence of a number of hazardous substances, including heavy metals, pesticides and organic chemicals. Investigators identified these substances in site soils, ground water, surface water and sediment. EPA determined that exposure to contaminated ground water and contaminated soils were the site’s most serious potential threats to human health and the environment.

In 1999, EPA connected residents in the area to the public water supply as part of the Jackson Road Area Wells site removal action.

The city is currently eliminating exposures to contaminated soil through the placement of the engineered cap.

The city considered children’s health issues are part of the site’s risk assessment.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

The site’s PRP, the City of Spartanburg, leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by SCDHEC.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 2002, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

The site’s PRP, the City of Spartanburg, is currently installing the engineered cap over the landfill area and anticipates completing the project in late 2012.

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Enforcement Activities

In 1999, EPA and site PRP the City of Spartanburg signed a legal agreement to perform a remedial investigation/feasibility study for the site, under which the city agreed to further characterize the site and identify, assemble and evaluate possible cleanup actions to address long-term risks to people and the environment.

In 2007, SCDHEC completed negotiations with the city on the specific cleanup work the city was to perform.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA and SCDHEC have conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to ensure that the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach activities have included public notices and meetings on cleanup progress and activities.

In 1999 to 2000, the city also volunteered to arrange for and fund a technical advisor to work with ReGenesis, Inc. to involve affected residents more effectively in understanding and commenting on remedial investigation/feasibility study documents.

In 2000, EPA also awarded funding to ReGenesis, Inc. to help the community consider reuse options for the site following cleanup.

In 2000, EPA selected the site and affected neighborhoods – the ReGenesis project area – as part of a federal Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice national demonstration project to test how a collaborative model can be an effective method for addressing Environmental Justice issues comprehensively and proactively.

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Future Work

The site’s PRP, the City of Spartanburg, intends to complete construction of the cap by late 2012.

SCDHEC anticipates that ground water monitoring will begin following completion of the cap.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Spartanburg County Public Library
151 Church Street
Spartanburg, SC 29306

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