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Carolawn, Inc.

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Carolawn, Inc. site.

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Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: SCD980558316
Location: Fort Lawn, Chester County, SC
Lat/Long: 34.686110, -080.943050
Congressional District: 05
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In agricultural reuse – a turkey feed mill operates on a portion of the site
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (jones.yvonneo@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Carolawn, Inc. site includes an area where a waste storage and disposal facility operated from 1970 to 1979. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water resulting from waste handling operations at the site. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the Carolawn Steering Committee (CSC), the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects residences and businesses near the site as well as businesses at the site to the public water supply. By conducting a pilot study, treating and monitoring ground water, maintaining the site, and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, SCDHEC and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 60-acre site is located at 5093 Morrison Road in Fort Lawn, Chester County, South Carolina. The site includes a 3-acre fenced area and an undeveloped woodland area north of the fenced area. The Lancaster & Chester Railroad and County Road 841 border the site to the south. Fishing Creek borders the site to the east. Wooded areas and agricultural land border the site to the west and north. Four residences are located approximately 1,000 yards southwest of the site and approximately 30 single-family residences are located north of the site. The site’s broader surroundings include rural, agricultural and residential land uses. 

From 1970 to 1979, a waste storage and disposal facility operated at the site. Operations disposed of approximately 4,500 drums of waste, several bulk storage tanks and sludge in the site’s 3-acre fenced area. Additionally, operations disposed of 660 drums and 11 storage tanks outside the fenced area in the northern portion of the site.

In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. In 1996, a turkey feed mill began operations on a portion of the site. The feed mill’s operations at the site are ongoing.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water, soil, surface water and sediment that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include trichloroethylene (TCE), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), leadchromium and barium.

In the 1980s, EPA removed contaminated soil from the site.

Ground water contamination remains at the site. A water line connects residences and businesses at the site and near the site to the public water supply.

EPA assessed whether residents or workers might be at risk from harmful ground water vapors in buildings. EPA found that vapor intrusion did not pose a threat to residents and workers.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

The CSC, the site’s PRPs, leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and SCDHEC.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and cleanup activities have  focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: the 3-acre fenced area and ground water contamination; and OU-2: soil, surface water and sediment contamination in Fishing Creek, outside the fenced area on site.

In 1989, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The

plan included the following activities:

In 1995, EPA issued a cleanup plan (ROD) for OU-2. The plan required no further action.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

Between 1981 and 1982, EPA removed over 1,000 drums of hazardous waste and several tons of contaminated soil. EPA also provided all nearby residences with an alternative water source until a water line connected residents to the public water supply in 1985.

In 1985, the site’s PRPs conducted additional cleanup activities to address contaminated soil and  contaminated lagoons on site.

In 1986, the PRPs removed an additional 17 storage tanks from the site.

The PRPs conducted cleanup activities for OU-1 from 1993 to 1998.

In 2004, EPA, SCDHEC and the PRPs completed the site’s Remediation System Evaluation and Action Plan, which included shutting down the ground water treatment system and modifying operation, maintenance and monitoring activities at the site.

In 2005, EPA, SCDHEC and the PRPs began a pilot study, using injections into ground water to enhance the natural breakdown of contamination. The PRPs conducted eight monitoring events from 2005 to 2008 as part of the pilot study.

The site’s fourth  Five-Year Review, completed in 2008, found that the site's cleanup continues to protect people and the environment from remaining site contamination and that the ground water  treatment system is functioning as required. However, to protect people over the long-term the Five-Year Review recommended additional steps.

The PRPs initiated a second pilot study, which focuses on the use of a cleanup technology similar to soil vapor extraction. The PRPs will operate and monitor the treatment system for one year as part of the pilot study.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings. EPA also supported the formation of a Community Advisory Group (CAG) in the early 1990s. The CAG continues to meet to discuss the site and help the community engage in the cleanup process. Approximately twice a year, EPA provides site briefings to the CAG. Contact EPA’s community involvement coordinator, Linda Starks (starks.linda@epa.gov), for more information about the CAG.

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Future Work

EPA continues to assess additional options for addressing remaining ground water contamination.

The site’s PRPs continue to conduct routine operation and maintenance activities, including monitoring downgradient locations to make sure contaminated ground water does not approach Fishing Creek.

EPA and the PRPs are working to place institutional controls on the site property to restrict ground water use and construction of certain types of structures.

The PRPs are conducting a second pilot study, which focuses on the use of a technology similar to soil vapor extraction.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2008 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2013.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Chester County Public Library
100 Center Street
Chester, SC 29706

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