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Independent Nail Co.

Additional Resources

Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: SCD004773644
Location: Beaufort, Beaufort County, SC
Lat/Long: 32.466380, -080.741110
Congressional District: 02
NPL Status: Proposed: 09/08/83; Final: 09/21/84; Deleted: 04/03/95
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA – not a ground water site
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – industrial land use is located at the site
Site Manager: Donna Bledsoe (bledsoe.donna@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Independent Nail Co. site includes the area where the Blake and Johnson Company operated a screw and fastener manufacturing facility from 1969 to 1980 and the Independent Nail Company has operated a paneling nail coating process facility since 1980. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984 because of contaminated ground water, sediment, soil and surface water resulting from waste handling practices. EPA and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995. EPA does not anticipate additional work at  the site.

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Site Location and Background

From 1969 until 1980, the Blake and Johnson Company operated a screw and fastener manufacturing facility at the site. Operations disposed of wastewater generated during the manufacturing process in a 1-acre lagoon on site. In 1980, the Independent Nail Company purchased the site property and began operation of a paneling nail coating process facility. In 1984, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Following the completion of cleanup activities, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995. Currently, the Independent Nail Company continues to operate its facility at the site.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water, sediment, soil and surface water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include cadmium, chromium, cyanide, nickel and zinc.

Contamination affected on-site and off-site soil. Contamination also affected sediment and surface water in an on-site lagoon as well as on-site ground water. EPA has addressed ground water, sediment, soil and surface water contamination at the site.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

EPA led site investigations and cleanup activities in cooperation with SCDHEC.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: contamination source control; and OU-2: contaminated ground water.

In 1987, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:

In 1988, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-2. The plan stated that no cleanup activities were needed to address ground water contamination.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1988, EPA conducted cleanup activities, including digging up 5,500 cubic yards of contaminated soil. EPA solidified and stabilized the contaminated soil and placed it back into the lagoon area on site.

Following the completion of cleanup activities, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995.

The site’s Five-Year Reviews, completed in 1993 and 1998, found that the cleanup continued to protect people and the environment.

In 1995, EPA deleted the site from the NPL. The site's deletion notice states that, "EPA, in concurrence with the State of South Carolina has determined that all appropriate fund-financed responses under CERCLA at the Independent Nail Site have been completed, and no further clean-up by the responsible parties is appropriate.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available online in the Five-Year Review.  

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Enforcement Activities

EPA was unable to identify any viable potentially responsible parties for the site. EPA used federal funds for site cleanup activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts included public notices, interviews and fact sheets.

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Future Work

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review for the site in 1998.

EPA does not anticipate additional work at the site.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Beaufort County Library
311 Scott Street
Beaufort, SC 29902

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