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Lyman Dyeing and Finishing

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Aerial view of the Lyman Dyeing and Finishing site..

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: SCD987584653
Location: Lyman, Spartanburg County, SC
Lat/Long: 34.938333, -082.127778
Congressional District: 04
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Approach
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediments, Soil, Surface Water
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: NA
Groundwater Migration Under Control: NA
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: NA
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (jones.yvonneo@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Lyman Dyeing and Finishing site includes an area where Lyman Dyeing and Finishing operated a landfill from 1924 to 1965. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. EPA, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and Springs Industries, Inc., the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By conducting sampling and monitoring as well as placing institutional controls on the site property, EPA, SCDHEC and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 14-acre site is located on a 12-acre peninsula in the southern portion of Lyman, Spartanburg County, South Carolina. The site includes a 3.9-acre landfill area and a 4.5-acre wetland area. An industrial facility borders the site to the north. The Middle Tyger River borders the site to the south, east and west. Residential properties are located north and west of the site. An undeveloped area and James F. Byrnes High School are located south of the site. The Startex-Jackson-Wellford-Duncan Water District operates a municipal water treatment plant east of the site.

From 1924 to 1965, Lyman Dyeing and Finishing operated a landfill at the site where the company disposed of solid wastes from its mill operations. The landfill included three disposal areas. EPA did not list the site on the NPL but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach.

The site is not in use. The industrial facility to the north, fencing and the Middle Tyger River limit access to the site. The site can support commercial and industrial uses.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water, sediment, soil and surface water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from landfill operations at the site. Contaminants of concern include semi-volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and metals.

The site’s PRP evaluated children’s health issues as part of the site’s risk assessment.

Following site investigations, EPA determined that contamination in ground water, sediment and surface water did not require cleanup activities.

The PRP has completed cleanup activities to address soil contamination.

Parties have placed institutional controls on the site property to prohibit residential use, ground water use and interference with the landfill’s soil cover.

The industrial facility to the north, fencing and the Middle Tyger River limit access to the site.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Springs Industries, Inc., the site’s PRP, led site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and SCDHEC.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 2003, EPA signed an Action Memorandum, which authorized the use of a non-time-critical removal action, a short-term cleanup, to address the contamination at the site and described EPA’s preferred plan for addressing it. The memorandum included the following activities:

In 2009, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included EPA’s decision to not require further cleanup activities at the site following the completion of the non-time-critical removal action.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1994, the site’s PRP removed 50 tons of waste material from the site and disposed of it at an off-site landfill.

The PRP dug up and removed 7,685 tons of contaminated soil, installed a cap over the landfill area, backfilled dug-up areas with clean soil and installed additional monitoring wells. The PRP also put institutional controls in place on the site property to prohibit residential use, ground water use and interference with the landfill’s soil cover. In addition, the PRP placed a fence around the cap and put up signs to deter trespassing.

In July 2008, EPA issued a report, referred to as a Final Pollution Report or POLREP, concluding that the PRP completed all non-time-critical removal activities, except for long-term monitoring and maintenance of the soil cap.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRP to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to perform long-term monitoring and maintenance of the soil.

The ROD online provides additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.

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Future Work

The site’s PRP conducts sampling to monitor ground water, surface water and sediment in the wetlands of the Middle Tyger River to monitor the effectiveness of the remedy.

EPA plans to complete the site’s first Five-Year Review in 2014.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Middle Tyger Branch Library
170 Groce Road
Lyman, SC 29365

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