Lyman Dyeing and Finishing
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: SCD987584653
Location: Lyman, Spartanburg County, SC
Lat/Long: 34.951938, -082.123727
Congressional District: 04
NPL Status: Superfund Alternative Approach
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediments, Soil, Surface Water
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Potential for Commercial/Light Industrial
Site Manager: Yvonne Jones (email@example.com)
The Lyman Dyeing and Finishing site is located on a 12-acre peninsula in the southern portion of the town of Lyman, Spartanburg County, South Carolina. From 1924 to 1965, Lyman Dyeing and Finishing operated a landfill at the site which was used for disposal of various solid wastes from the facility mill operations. Past visual inspections have identified three discreet disposal areas. Two larger disposal areas are in the south central portion of the landfill area; a smaller disposal area is in the northwest portion of the landfill area.
The site is not listed on the National Priorities List (NPL), but is considered to be an NPL-caliber site and is being addressed through the Superfund Alternative Approach. This approach uses the same investigation and cleanup process and standards that are used for sites listed on the NPL.
Potential chemicals associated with the solid wastes from the facility include residues of dyes, hydraulic liquids, waste solvents, adhesive materials and office supplies.
Site Cleanup Plan
EPA issued an Action Memorandum describing the selected site remedy on September 30, 2003. Major cleanup elements for the site included:
- Limited excavation and off-site disposal of contaminated soils to a qualifying landfill.
- Construction of an engineered cap.
- Long-term monitoring of ground water, surface water and sediment in the wetlands.
- Long-term monitoring of surface water and the sediments at the Startex-Jackson-Wellford-Duncan Water District intake.
- Institutional controls and access controls, including a fence around the cap and appropriate signs posted at the site to deter trespassing.
The potentially responsible parties (PRPs) excavated and removed approximately 7,685 tons of contaminated soils, installed an engineered cap over the 3.5-acre landfill area, backfilled all “hot spot” areas (areas that contained the highest contamination levels prior to excavation), and installed additional monitoring wells. In addition, a fence was placed around the cap and appropriate signs were posted at the site to deter trespassing. All remedy activities were completed in October 2005.
Site cleanup activities are being led primarily by PRPs with oversight by EPA and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.
In 2004, the PRP entered into an Administrative Order on Consent with EPA to perform the Removal Action at the site. The primary objectives of the Removal Action were to (1) prevent exposure of human and ecological receptors to contaminated Site soils; (2) prevent migration of contaminants from Site soils to groundwater; (3) prevent migration of contaminants from Site soils to surface water; (4) protect the Startex-Jackson-Wellford-Duncan water treatment plant intake; and (5) monitor the effectiveness of the remedy.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the Lyman Dyeing and Finishing site to solicit community input and to ensure that the public remains informed about site activities throughout the site cleanup process. Outreach activities have included public notices, interviews, and public meetings on cleanup activities and updates.
Sampling to monitor ground water, surface water, and sediment in the wetlands and the Middle Tyger River is ongoing and expected to continue to monitor the effectiveness of the remedy.
Site Administrative Documents
For more information or to view any site-related documents, please visit the site information repository at the following location. As new documents are generated, they will be placed in the information repository for public information.
Middle Tyger Branch Library
170 Groce Road
Lyman, SC 29365
For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.