Third Five-Year Review Completed, Fulbright Landfill Superfund Site, Springfield, Missouri
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducts regular five-year reviews on Superfund sites where any pollutants, contaminants, or hazardous substances remain following the implementation of a remedy. These reviews are required by the Superfund law [42 U.S.C. ' 9621(c)]. EPA Region 7 and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources have completed the third five-year review of the Fulbright Landfill site in Springfield, Greene County, Mo.
The Fulbright/Sac River Landfill site is located in Greene County about three miles north of Springfield, Mo. city limits. The landfills are on land owned by Springfield and are separated by State Highway 13. These landfills were used by Springfield for the disposal of municipal and industrial wastes. Both landfills are now closed.
The 98 acre Fulbright Landfill is elongated in shape and adjacent to the South Dry Sac River on three sides. It is in the floodplain of the South Dry Sac River.
The 114 acre Sac River Landfill, formerly known as the Murray Landfill, is about one half mile northwest of the Fulbright Landfill. The Sac River Landfill is bordered by the Little Sac River on the south and west sides. Most of the waste at the Sac River Landfill was disposed of in a circular-shaped abandoned quarry.
The first five-year review of the Fulbright/Sac River Landfills site was completed in December 1996, and the second five-year review was completed in September 2000. Issues identified during the second five-year review have been addressed, or are being addressed, including cap maintenance, additional ground-water monitoring, site security, and analytical quality control/quality assurance.
THIS FIVE-YEAR REVIEW
This review included site inspection, evaluation of deed restrictions, and study of the site files and all other information gathered in the last five years.
The assessment of this third five-year review found the remedy continues to be protective of human health and the environment and is functioning as designed, in accordance with the Record of Decision. The maintenance at the landfills needs to be continued and annual ground-water and surface-water monitoring should continue, because of remaining contaminants in the ground water.
Analytical data from soil sampling and review of current site conditions indicate that reuse of portions of the site as part of a greenway trails system is appropriate. Some further mitigation efforts might be required.
PROPOSED GREENWAY TRAIL
The Fulbright/Sac River Landfill site has been selected as a demonstration project in EPA=s Superfund Redevelopment Initiative known as the “Return to Use” initiative. Springfield has plans to develop greenway trails through the site.
The proposed Ozark Greenways Incorporated trail would follow the north banks of South Dry Sac Creek to connect Ritter Springs Park (south of the Sac River Landfill) with the proposed Lost Hill Park (east of the Fulbright Landfill), passing over the Fubright/Sac River site.
Soil sampling at both landfills indicated that incorporating portions of the sites into the greenway trails system will not interfere with the remedy.
The soil samples indicate that the current levels of remaining soil contamination are nearly as low as those required for unlimited, unrestricted residential use based on exposure to soil. (The cleanup levels for residential use are generally much more stringent than the cleanup levels required for recreational use.) These soil sample results will need to be confirmed, and any required mitigation will be included in the plans developed for the greenways trail.
The complete Five-Year Review Report and other detailed site information are part of the Site Administrative Record and are available at the following locations during normal business hours:
EPA Records Center
901 N. 5th Street
Kansas City, Kansas
Springfield/Greene County Library
397 E. Central
Questions or requests for more information on this site or the five-year review process should be addressed to:
Community Involvement Coordinator
U.S. EPA Region 7
901 N. 5th Street
Kansas City, KS 66101
Toll Free: (800) 223-0425