Pacific Southwest, Region 9
Serving: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Pacific Islands, Tribal Nations
Animal Waste Management in Hawaii
According to state agricultural statistics, milk was one of Hawaii's top five farm products in 1994. In 1998, Hawaii was home to 50 dairy operations that produced 15 million gallons of milk (NASS, USDA 1999). Most of these operations had less than 30 cows per operation. As of October 2001, (Dott, 2001), the number of dairies has decreased significantly in Hawaii. Now, only 2 dairies are considered CAFOs. In addition to dairies, Hawaii is home to poultry and swine operations that may also be considered CAFOs.
Responsibility for animal waste management in Hawaii is divided between two branches of the Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH). The Clean Water Branch issues individual NPDES permits for CAFOs. The Wastewater Branch reviews plans and specifications for animal feeding operations (AFOs) and conducts complaint based inspections.
In 1996, HDOH issued its "Guidelines for Livestock Waste Management", which addressed elements of the EPA/USDA Unified National Strategy for Animal Feeding Operations. HDOH uses the Guidelines to review all new livestock waste management projects that require HDOH approval. The Guidelines also help HDOH reduce the amount of pollution produced by existing livestock operations.
HDOH has funded a two-year, EPA sponsored 319(h) non-point source project to educate livestock producers about proper animal waste management. The project provided an inventory Hawaii's AFOs and conduct educational workshops on every major island. The project also provided technical assistance in pollution prevention, conduct on-site assessments of specific operations, and sponsor discussions regarding markets for animal waste products.
The Natural Resources Conservation Service - Hawaii Office is also educating Hawaii's communities on proper animal waste management.
The following links may also provide helpful information about state, county and local activities to support effective animal waste management: