EPA-Expo-Box (A Toolbox for Exposure Assessors)
Contaminated media to which people may be exposed include air, water and sediment, soil and dust, food, aquatic biota, and consumer products. Consumer products may contain toxic or potentially toxic chemical constituents to which people might be exposed as a result of their use. Examples of consumer products include cosmetics and other personal care products, cleaning and home maintenance items, furniture, building materials, automotive products, pesticides, and a variety of other items. Individuals who manufacture or use these products can be exposed via incidental ingestion, inhalation, and dermal contact. Nonusers, including children, can also be passively exposed to chemicals in these products. Various tools are available for evaluating sources and releases of contaminants in consumer products, fate and transport processes, and potential exposure concentrations. Exposure factors, calculation tools, and guidance for assessing exposure to contaminants in consumer products are also discussed in this module.