2007 Best-of-the-Best Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award Winners
ORGANIZATION, ASSOCIATION & TEAM AWARDS
For Innovation in the Phaseout of Ozone-Depleting Refrigerants
Carrier Corporation and its subsidiaries have led the global phaseout of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) for the air conditioning and refrigeration industry, both in the development of new technology and the introduction of new products for the international marketplace. In 1994, Carrier was among the first manufacturers of stationary air conditioning to phase out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) on a worldwide basis, two years ahead of developed country requirements and 16 years ahead of developing country requirements. Carrier was also first (in 1996) to introduce equipment with non-ozone-depleting refrigerants to replace hydrochlorofluorocarbon-22 (HCFC-22) systems for commercial and residential applications, decades ahead of U.S. domestic and Montreal Protocol mandates.
For Commitment and Innovation in Developing Chemical Alternatives to Methyl Bromide
Recognized with two EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Awards, Dow AgroSciences has provided global leadership for the development of alternatives to methyl bromide (an ozone-depleting soil fumigant) in the pre-plant and post-harvest use patterns since 1995. Through its investment of over $100 million, Dow AgroSciences has developed and registered a range of methyl bromide alternative products containing the active ingredients 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) and sulfuryl fluoride. These products (including Telone® C-35, InLine®, and ProFume® gas fumigant) have completed the EPA reregistration process and are being used successfully throughout the United States and globally. In support of these products, Dow AgroSciences has developed novel application technologies, product stewardship requirements, and resource support to ensure the proper and effective use of these products.
For Organic Grape/Wine Production without Methyl Bromide
Fetzer Vineyards phased out the use of methyl bromide during the 1990s. The company produces wine made from grapes that are grown without synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers. All of Fetzer’s 1,800 farmed acres are certified organic by the California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF), and Fetzer has been a leader in sharing knowledge and information about organic vineyard farming practices. Fetzer’s successful soil management program currently consists of a well-developed integrated pest management (IPM) program, excellent field sanitation, resistant root stocks, cover crops, and compost. Further, Fetzer maintains a commitment to environmental protection, purchasing renewable power, installing solar photovoltaic panels that are the largest in the wine industry, using many types of energy and water conservation practices, implementing a natural water filtration system, reducing landfill waste through a comprehensive recycling program, undertaking watershed restoration, and using earth-friendly packaging. Fetzer Vineyards has won numerous awards for the quality of its wines and also for its impressive commitment to sustainable business practices. In 2006, Fetzer was named one of America’s top value wines by Wine and Spirits magazine.
Fumigation Service and Supply
For Leadership and Innovation in Methyl Bromide Alternatives
Founded in 1981, Fumigation Service and Supply (FSS) is dedicated to providing safe and effective fumigations, in addition to excellent customer service. FSS is a strong advocate of educational training conferences and delivers excellent pest management advice, within the United States, as well as to customers overseas. FSS executives David and John Mueller have each earned the individual EPA Stratospheric Protection Award. FSS has long been an advocate for methyl bromide alternatives within the post-harvest sector. In recent years, FSS has replaced over 200 tons of methyl bromide in more than 200 structures in the United States and Canada. FSS has developed and adopted several alternatives that are now used to fumigate flour mills, rice mills, pet food plants, and other food processing structures. Examples of these alternatives include heat treatments, carbon dioxide fumigations, phosphine, sulfuryl fluoride, and IPM techniques. FSS experts have also collaborated with the United Nations and The World Bank to coordinate methyl bromide alternative demonstration fumigation projects.
For Superior Environmental Performance of Centrifugal Chillers
In 1992, Trane won an EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award for the groundbreaking energy efficiency of the CenTraVac™ large tonnage air conditioning chiller and its superior performance in minimizing refrigerant emissions. In the last 15 years since winning the award, Trane has led the industry in technical innovation and performance that has defined superior environmental performance in the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) industry. Through both managerial leadership and technological innovation, Trane has drastically minimized the environmental impact of its centrifugal chillers by developing numerous technologies to detect and prevent refrigerant emissions and to maximize the energy efficiency of centrifugal chillers. Trane has creatively implemented technologies and strategies to integrate chillers into buildings in efficient and sustainable ways, and has taken a balanced approach to minimize impact on both ozone depletion and global warming. Trane and the CenTraVac™ chiller have continued the tradition as the technological and environmental leader in the HVAC industry.
United States Department of the Air Force
For Leadership in the Phaseout of CFCs and Halons
Over the last 20 years, the United States Air Force (USAF) has provided outstanding leadership in stratospheric ozone protection. At the September 1987 meeting of the signing of the Montreal Protocol, USAF experts provided an impressive technical display of techniques for reducing halon emissions. As part of its worldwide leadership role, USAF provided the first co-chair of the United Nations Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) Halon Technical Options Committee (TOC) and led early efforts by the U.S. government and industry to identify alternatives for aviation halon applications. During the 1990s, it spent over $500 million in re-engineering processes, systems, and equipment at installations worldwide to eliminate over 96 percent of its original annual ODS usage. For the fraction of mission-critical halon applications that remain in use, USAF employed a banking approach that kept its purchases of new production ODSs to an absolute minimum. It recovered halons from its decommissioned facility fire suppression systems and extinguishers to provide more than 80 percent of its wartime and peacetime requirements. Because of its successful ODS elimination efforts, USAF has been able to remain within its original 1994 bank without requiring any additional ODS purchases. USAF continues to work to achieve its ultimate goal of complete ODS elimination.
United States Department of the Army
For Leadership in Protecting the Ozone Layer
The United States Army made extraordinary contributions in changing its operations and commercializing equipment with both military and civilian applications. In cooperation with industry users, the Army rapidly developed a commercial standard for recycled Halon-1301 purity through ASTM International and invoked the standard for military operations. With Army experts, the Halon Alternatives Research Corporation showed the viability of, and detailed a scheme for, halon banking subsequently adopted by five other countries. This ensured a halon supply without new production, allowing for halon phaseout two years faster than other ODSs. The Army was the first military organization to declare the majority of its ODS applications “non-critical” and to develop policy for its facility and weapon system managers to develop and replace these substances. The range of the Army’s success is impressive: replacement of CFC-based heating and cooling applications in tactical shelters, field ambulances, and other vehicles; elimination of ODS solvents from production, maintenance, and repair of vehicles, aircraft, and ammunition; retrofit of fire suppression systems in Abrams Main Battle Tanks, Bradley Fighting Vehicles, Multiple Launch Rocket Systems, Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicles and watercraft; and deployment of the world’s first non-halon, crew compartment explosion suppression system to eliminate halon-reliance in new ground combat systems.
United States Department of Defense
For Leadership in Military Ozone Layer Protection
When the Montreal Protocol was signed, the United States Department of Defense (DoD) was one of the largest consumers of ODSs. When ODSs were proposed for regulation, DoD, its services, and the Coast Guard quickly reviewed their specifications and determined that virtually every weapon and support system required ODSs in refrigeration, for fire protection, as solvents, or to perform other vital functions. Since these systems relied on ODSs and could not be manufactured, repaired, or function effectively without them, ODS use was directly linked to military readiness and personnel safety. DoD was one of the first organizations in the world to acknowledge its contribution to the ozone depletion problem and to commit to finding solutions that would be acceptable for both the environment and the military. DoD’s successful strategy was to first encourage alternatives, then to transition away from ODS use in non-critical applications, and finally to prohibit ODS use in all applications except mission-critical ones. DoD and its services became world leaders in developing and deploying ozone-friendly policies and technologies. DoD and EPA ultimately persuaded the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to endorse the complete phaseout of ODSs (with essential use exemptions)—the first and so far only NATO endorsement of any action under a multilateral environmental treaty.
United States Department of the Navy
For Leadership and Innovation in Ozone-Safe Marine Technology
The United States Navy and Marine Corps accomplished the near impossible in transforming their own halon- and CFC-reliant equipment and in transferring this technology worldwide through Halon-1211 workshops and numerous information sharing and partnering opportunities. The Navy partnered with worldwide militaries by exchanging technical information on CFC refrigerant and halon fire suppressant alternatives through multilateral and bilateral exchange agreements, NATO studies, NATO working groups, international military workshops, and other technical conferences and workshops. Navy technical personnel also assisted several foreign nations in converting their shipboard CFC refrigerants to ozone-friendly alternatives and even trained some nations so they could convert other ships in the future on their own. The Halon-1211 workshops taught technicians to reduce emissions through the use of recovery/recharge equipment and improved servicing practices. Workshops were held in Okinawa, Japan, for Asia-Pacific countries, and in South Carolina for Latin and Caribbean countries with a combined total of 100 participants. The passion and commitment brought to these workshops by Navy and Marine Corps personnel helped to initiate halon phaseout activities in 15 countries in these regions. These dedicated efforts have helped to protect the ozone layer and will reap further improvements in global environmental protection.
United States Naval Sea Systems Command
For Leadership in the Phaseout of CFCs and Halons
The United States Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) is a demonstrated world leader in the elimination of ODSs. In 1987, the U.S. Navy was the largest user of ODSs in the military sector worldwide, and NAVSEA was responsible for approximately 3,100 CFC air conditioning and refrigeration plants and 1.5 million pounds of halons in fire suppression systems on more than 400 ships. NAVSEA developed a comprehensive program plan with a
multi-prong strategy to conserve existing supplies of ODSs: establish a mission-critical ODS bank to support systems until they were converted or retired from service; convert existing systems where technically and economically feasible; and develop ozone-friendly systems for new-construction ships and submarines. Twenty years later, the success of NAVSEA’s program is now apparent with nearly 90 percent of the CFC air conditioning and refrigeration plant conversion program completed and an annual reduction of Navy ODS usage by more than 95 percent.
The CFC Committee of the Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of Japan (FPMAJ)
For Leadership and Cooperation in Ozone Safe Metered Dose Inhalers
The transition from CFC-based metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) to CFC-free alternative products has been one of the most technically challenging issues for pharmaceutical companies in recent years. The member companies of the CFC Committee of the Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of Japan (FPMAJ) are world leaders in the transition away from CFC-based MDIs. They accomplished one of the world’s first national CFC-MDI phaseouts. This was done through the combined efforts of individual companies, in cooperation with regulatory and environmental authorities, using an innovative transition strategy that maintained, and in many cases improved, care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Today, 23 brands of CFC-free alternatives, including hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) MDIs and dry powder inhalers, are on the market in Japan. The ozone layer has been protected without diminishing the treatment options for patients of respiratory diseases in Japan.
Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA)
For Leadership and Heroism in Preventing Illegal Trade
The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) has been tackling the issue of illegal trade in ODSs since 1996 and has provided an essential service in exposing illegal activity, disseminating information to the Montreal Protocol and to other relevant bodies, and providing assistance to combat smuggling operations. EIA is the world’s leading nongovernmental organization (NGO) working on the issue of illegal trade in ODSs. EIA’s track record of investigative work, scientific documentation, and representation at international conventions has earned EIA a reputation for highly effective and successful campaigning. EIA also continues to share these skills with local groups and government officials to help empower them in the fight against environmental crime.
The Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Institute of Canada (HRAI)
For Leadership in Fluorocarbon Refrigerant Responsible Use
Since 1992, the Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Institute of Canada (HRAI) has been responsible for the development, maintenance, and certification process for the federal/provincial training program that covers environmental awareness for refrigerant handlers in Canada. Offered in partnership with Environment Canada, the CFC/HCFC/HFC training course is the environmental benchmark for the refrigeration and air conditioning industries—and in most provinces and federally, is a requirement for the purchase of halocarbon refrigerants. More than 144,000 individuals have been certified under the program, and the association is also responsible for managing the national certification database. In addition to HRAI’s training in Canada, the association has also provided refrigerant management training in 16 developing countries around the world in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
In 2001, HRAI established Refrigerant Management Canada (RMC), an extended producer responsibility program to collect and dispose of surplus ODS refrigerants. This not-for-profit corporation is funded by a voluntary environmental levy placed on sales of virgin and reclaimed HCFC refrigerants to the Canadian stationary refrigeration and air conditioning industry. To date, the program has collected and disposed of more than 1 million kilograms of surplus ODS refrigerants. RMC is the only program of its kind in North America.
Japan Industrial Conference on Cleaning (JICC)
For Leadership in Phasing Out Ozone-Depleting Solvents
The Japan Industrial Conference on Cleaning (JICC) was established in 1994 by approximately 130 companies, including manufacturers of cleaning agents, cleaning machines, and peripheral equipment for industrial cleaning processes, as a private organization aiming only to protect the ozone layer voluntarily. The goal of JICC was to protect the ozone layer by accelerating the total elimination of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-T), CFC-113, and other ODS solvents used in industrial cleaning processes, especially at small enterprises, which were considered one of the most difficult phaseout targets at the time. JICC systematically worked toward this target, and a total phaseout of ODSs in this field was successfully achieved in Japan. At the same time, JICC has supported similar activities in developing countries and encouraged eliminating HCFCs in advance of the Montreal Protocol’s phaseout schedule, so as to accelerate ozone layer recovery.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
For Global Leadership in Halon Management and Replacement
Since the National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA’s) original EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award in 1990, the organization has continued to demonstrate leadership on ozone layer protection and the global phaseout of halons through its actions and development of standards on alternatives to ozone-depleting halons. NFPA stopped the practice of halon discharge testing for fire suppression systems, thereby eliminating a significant source of halon emissions industry-wide. NFPA has created two new standards, NFPA 2001, Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems, and NFPA 2010, Standard on Aerosol Fire Extinguishing Systems, to address the technical, health, environmental, and safety issues with using alternatives to Halon-1301. NFPA standards have played a key role in supporting the fire protection industry transition away from halons both in the United States and globally where NFPA standards are often adopted as other countries’ national fire protection standards. Through the work of its technical committees and recent revisions to applicable standards, NFPA has advocated for consistent, high standards of safety for the use of gaseous fire extinguishing systems. NFPA’s sustained achievements meet the dual goals of protection of the global environment through elimination of halon use and protection of public safety.
The Appliance Recycling Team
For Innovation in Collection and Disposal of Low Efficiency Appliances
Two Appliance Recycling Team members—Appliance Recycling Centers of America (ARCA) and JACO Environmental—run state-of-the-art recycling centers where they use the best environmental practices available to process inefficient appliances. The appliances are collected through take-back programs, such as those offered by the third team member, Southern California Edison (SCE). ARCA and JACO set themselves apart from other North American recyclers by including insulation foam recovery in their recycling technique to reduce emissions of ozone-depleting foam blowing agents. The concept of foam destruction was first proven in the United States to be economically feasible through SCE’s investment and work. In 2006, JACO, ARCA, and SCE worked with EPA to help develop the Responsible Appliance Disposal (RAD) Program for Utilities. RAD is a voluntary program that protects the environment by reducing emissions of ODSs, greenhouse gases, and other hazardous and toxic substances. Through the program, utilities and other stakeholders encourage consumers to retire old appliances and provide for environmentally sound disposal of these units through qualified appliance recyclers. The RAD Program currently has 10 utility partners, including SCE.
- Appliance Recycling Centers of America
- JACO Environmental
- Southern California Edison
The Australian Methyl Bromide Phaseout Team
For Leadership and Dedication to Methyl Bromide Phase-Out and Stratospheric Ozone Layer Protection
Dr. Ian Porter, the Australian Vegetable and Potato Growers Federation (AUSVEG), and Strawberries Australia led the phaseout of methyl bromide in Australia under a model program that ensures environmental protection. Tomato, pepper, and cucurbit growers halted methyl bromide use quickly, never needing critical-use exemptions, and strawberry producers also halted their use of methyl bromide. These leaders began planning for the phaseout in 1994, and since then have implemented outreach, research, and training programs requiring careful planning, communication, and innovation. They tested more than 40 chemical and nonchemical alternatives through innovative programs within the Victorian Department of Primary Industries and Better Berries projects funded by Horticulture Australia and the Department of Environment and Water Resources. They also shared information through a national communication program, including a Web site and national newsletter.
Dr. Ian Porter and his team have worked with atmospheric scientists in the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization and other international experts to find alternatives to methyl bromide and to confirm the impact of methyl bromide emissions on the ozone layer. They have shared their knowledge with Chinese colleagues, which resulted in China signing the Copenhagen Amendment. Collaboration with other international experts has helped reduce more than 45,000 tonnes of methyl bromide between 1995 and 2007.
- Dr. Ian J. Porter
- Australian Vegetable and Potato Growers Federation (AUSVEG)
- Strawberries Australia and the Australian Strawberry Industry
China Leadership Team
For Excellence in Montreal Protocol Compliance
Shiqiu Zhang, Yuansheng Fan, Xiaoyan Tang, Yangzu Wang, and Yi Liu have been instrumental in conceiving, studying, and implementing policies that have enabled China’s compliance with the Montreal Protocol, faithfully adhered to the incremental cost guidelines of the Multilateral Fund (MLF), and served as a model for other Article 5 Parties in pursuing global environmental protection and economic growth.
Prof. Tang has been one of the most influential individuals in facilitating the Chinese government’s decisions to endorse the Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol 20 years ago. She served as team leader to draft the Chinese Country Program and updated the Country Program in 1991 and 1997. In addition, she guided the team from Peking University, including Prof. Jianxin Hu and Prof. Zhang, in developing 13 sector plans for ODS phaseout in China. Prof. Tang has been co-chair of the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel under the Montreal Protocol since 1992.
Dr. Zhang has been a member of the TEAP and its Economics Options Committee for 10 years. She has been instrumental in many studies, including the Task Forces on Replenishment of the MLF. She helped create objective estimates that repeatedly satisfied all Parties and proved, in retrospect, to be sufficient for all necessary project funding.
Mr. Fan, Mr. Wang, and Mr. Liu were among the first in China to appreciate the importance of global environmental protection as a building block of economic prosperity. They joined the most contentious and complex debate over provisions of the Montreal Protocol, and they helped find consensus that satisfied political concerns, which resulted in full compliance by almost all Parties.
Together Zhang, Wang, Tang, Liu, and Fan are a capable team, bringing academic and policy topics together, sorting out complex details, and coming to strong policy agreements.
- Mr. Yuansheng Fan
- Mr. Yi Liu
- Prof. Xiaoyan Tang
- Mr. Yangzu Wang
- Dr. Shiqiu Zhang
The MDI Transition Team
For Leadership in the Transition to Ozone-Safe Metered Dose Inhalers
The transition of millions of patients from life-saving medical treatments for environmental, rather than therapeutic reasons, presented unique challenges and required the dedicated commitment and collaboration of patients, health care providers, regulators, and the pharmaceutical industry. The International Pharmaceutical Aerosol Consortium (IPAC) companies overcame technical, financial, and regulatory approval challenges in pursuing the development and marketing of ozone-friendly alternatives to CFC MDIs. IPAC endeavored to be a creative, influential, and effective leader, constructively contributing to the global elimination of CFCs consistent with patient needs.
In making such a fundamental change in the delivery of medicine for critical medical uses, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other federal agencies faced equally daunting challenges in product review administrative procedures. The U.S. Stakeholders Group on MDI Transition—originally convened by the American Lung Association and comprised of nine leading asthma/COPD patient and physician groups—also played a pivotal role in educating patients and health care providers on the transition, in ensuring that these central stakeholders had an effective voice to promote patient health, and in encouraging necessary action by U.S. environmental and health authorities.
- American Lung Association
- Food and Drug Administration MDI Transition Team
- International Pharmaceutical Aerosol Consortium
- U.S. Stakeholders Group on MDI Transition
The Netherlands, Australia, United States ODS Management Partnership
For Military and Environmental Leadership in Halon Banking
Protection of the stratospheric ozone layer brought together military, environmental, and civilian authorities from Australia, the Netherlands, and the United States in an innovative and long-lasting partnership that has guided the phaseout of halons worldwide. Each country and each organization brought unique leadership, expertise, commitment, and truly groundbreaking ideas to the partnership. The sustained focus and action of this group over many years served as a worldwide model of responsible ODS management and demonstrated the viability of the global halon phaseout in the most challenging sectors of use. Together, the achievements exceeded the expectations of the Montreal Protocol.
- Australia Department of Defence, Joint Logistics Group
- Australia Department of Environment and Water Resources
- EPA Victoria, Australia
- The Netherlands Ministry of Defence
- The Netherlands Halon Bank Association
- The Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment
- U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Logistics Agency, ODS Reserve Program Office
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
United States Air Force and Navy Aircraft Fire Protection Team
For Teamwork and Excellence in Halon Alternatives
The United States Air Force (USAF) and Naval Air (NAVAIR) Systems Command Aviation Fire Protection Teams have provided pioneering technological, engineering, and management leadership in finding and implementing halon alternatives in the aerospace sector. The team led the DoD and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Halon Replacement Program for Aviation. As a result of the team’s work, DoD selected HFC-125 for aircraft engine fire suppression, providing the basis for DoD to develop and field the first aircraft in the world with non-halon engine fire suppression systems. The team collaborated widely in developing and implementing innovative fire and explosion protection technologies and design methodologies to reduce the DoD’s dependence on halons and meet environmental goals. The team has successfully developed several ozone-friendly systems that meet DoD’s operational needs for safety and combat fire/explosion suppression without experiencing excessive volume and weight penalties. The team implemented these new systems on four new aircraft and is actively developing Halon Elimination Programs and technologies for six other platforms. Based on current and projected aircraft procurements, their combined efforts will eliminate over 43,000 pounds of halons in current and future fire protection systems.
- U.S. Air Force Aeronautical Systems Center (ASC)
- U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)
- U.S. Naval Air (NAVAIR) Systems Command Fire Protection Team
Dr. Radhey S. Agarwal, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
For Technical Leadership in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Dr. Radhey S. Agarwal has made substantial contributions to the science of selecting and optimizing refrigerants to replace ODSs. He is a recognized expert on technical, environmental, and economic criteria for chemical replacement and frequently speaks at international conferences. He has served on important national, regional, and international committees, including the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps Technical Options Committee (RTOC). He has been a member of RTOC since 1989 and its co-chair since 1996. Dr. Agarwal develops work plans to address the concerns of developed and developing countries, guides the work, and presents TEAP and RTOC findings at meetings of Parties. In addition, Dr. Agarwal has been instrumental in resolving refrigeration and air conditioning technical issues. He was among the first engineers to investigate hydrocarbon (HC) refrigerants for domestic and stand-alone commercial refrigeration appliances. He has developed practical non-ODS and low ozone-depleting potential (ODP) solutions to reduce CFC emissions in existing refrigeration equipment. He has organized a large number of national and international conferences and workshops, including International Institute of Refrigeration conferences, to provide technical inputs and motivate India’s refrigeration industry for early changeover from CFCs. He also has performed engineering investigations and provided technical advice that allowed the rapid transition from CFC-12 in beverage vending machines.
Dr. Daniel L. Albritton, U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, retired
For Scientific Vision, Assessment Leadership, and Communication of Ozone Science
Dr. Daniel L. Albritton has conducted ground-breaking stratospheric research, integrated complex scientific findings, and explained the science of ozone layer depletion to policy-makers around the world in user-friendly terms, thereby helping them in making well-informed decisions about protecting the ozone layer. For many years, Dr. Albritton directed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) Aeronomy Laboratory (now called the Chemical Sciences Division) in Boulder, Colorado, a major source of scientific research and scholarship on the chemistry and dynamics of the Earth’s atmosphere, including the ozone layer. His leadership has continued through his role as co-chair of the Scientific Assessment Panel, which provides science-based information to the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. In this capacity, he has helped lead the international scientific community in the preparation of the Panel’s periodic assessments of ozone depletion. These Scientific Assessments of Ozone Depletion are major, peer-reviewed documents with state-of-the-art scientific information. They evaluate causes of ozone depletion, chart progress toward recovery of the ozone layer, predict future changes, and provide policy-makers with science-based options for improving protection of the ozone layer.
Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
For Vision, Leadership and Perseverance in Protecting the Earth
Dr. Stephen O. Andersen has consistently demonstrated exceptional leadership and dedication in protecting the stratospheric ozone layer and climate, personally inspiring many companies and individuals to take actions initially thought impossible. He organizes industry and military partnerships and corporate actions for accelerated phaseout, stimulates technical breakthroughs, and develops new environmental performance standards. He provides leadership on the TEAP, and he orchestrates the synthesis of science and policy. He has built capacity and know-how in technology transfer, and he was key in persuading military organizations to halt their own ODS use and to share advanced technology worldwide. Dr. Andersen was the driving force behind significant technical and environmental breakthroughs in automobile air conditioning, aerospace, electronics, food packaging, and sterilization. He was a mastermind of economic incentives, awards recognition, government procurement, environmental trade barriers, product labeling, and corporate pledges. Dr. Andersen wrote, with K. Madhava Sarma, Protecting the Ozone Layer: The United Nations History; with Durwood Zaelke, Industry Genius: Inventions and People Protecting the Climate and Fragile Ozone Layer; and with Sarma and Kristen N. Taddonio, Technology Transfer for the Ozone Layer: Lessons for Climate Change.
Paul Ashford, Caleb Management Services Limited
For Leadership in Assessing On-Going Ozone Impacts from Foams and Benefits of ODS Alternatives
Paul Ashford has served on the Foam Technical Options Committee since 1991 and has been its co-chair since 1998. As a TEAP member, he has served on a variety of task forces and has been an effective and innovative force in helping to ensure an expeditious, safe transition to non-ODS alternatives in the foam sector. As an active participant in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), both as a coordinating lead author of the Special Report on Ozone and Climate and as facilitator of the ODS substitutes chapter within the 2006 revision of the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Reporting Guidelines, Mr. Ashford has provided leadership in bringing focus to the interaction of stratospheric ozone and climate. Examples of his work include extending life-cycle climate performance principles to the built environment as a tool for evaluating alternatives to ODSs, assessing the emissions from banked ODSs, and helping to identify research and technological and policy options to address end-of-life management of ODS-containing equipment. His work has provided the United Kingdom, the European Union, the United States, and others with critical technical support for initiatives that are preventing thousands of pounds of ODS and greenhouse gas emissions.
Dr. Penelope Canan, University of Central Florida
For Path-Breaking Sociological Research on Montreal Protocol Networks
Dr. Penelope Canan was a member of the Economic Options Committee convened under the TEAP in 1991 and a member of the 2007 Task Force on the TEAP Legacy. She is professor of sociology at the University of Central Florida, Orlando, and often works as a consultant to UNEP on Montreal Protocol matters. With Nancy Reichman, Dr. Canan published Ozone Connections: Expert Networking in Global Environmental Governance, which is widely considered the most sophisticated quantitative and qualitative analysis of networks of treaty implementation ever undertaken. Originally published by Greenleaf in 2002, the Japanese translation of Ozone Connections (T. Odagiri & Y. Fujimoto, trans.) was published in 2005 by Nihon Hyoron Sha. With Don Smith, Canan published “Media Coverage of the Ozone-Layer Issue,” Chapter 8, in Andersen and Sarma’s Protecting the Ozone Layer. She writes and lectures extensively about the Montreal Protocol and organized the First Workshop of Ozone Scholars, which attracted participants from China, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Dr. Canan recently served as the executive director of the Global Carbon Project at the National Institute for Environmental Studies in Tsukuba, Japan. She is the recipient of the EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award, the Distinguished Practice Award of the Pacific Sociological Association, the Durham Lectureship Award from Oklahoma State University, and the Driscoll Master Teacher Award at the University of Denver.
Elizabeth Cook, World Resources Institute
For Environmental Leadership in Stratospheric Ozone Protection
Elizabeth Cook is the vice president for Institutional Strategy & Development at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington, D.C. She works with WRI’s board and staff to scale up the organization’s priority initiatives. Ms. Cook has held several leadership positions within WRI. Most recently, she directed WRI’s Sustainable Enterprise Program, which collaborates with business to create profitable solutions to environmental and development challenges. She served as team leader of WRI’s interdisciplinary Climate Protection Initiative, partnering with companies to identify policies and business strategies for achieving strong climate goals. Prior to that position, she was the ozone campaign director of Friends of the Earth, working with multiple industry sectors to pioneer voluntary programs and policy responses that built upon innovation and market-oriented approaches. She helped negotiate the voluntary phaseout of CFCs from food packaging—the first national sector phaseout—and was particularly successful in cooperating with the Mobile Air Conditioning Society to promote premium service for CFC-12 vehicle air conditioning systems. She organized citizens and NGOs to demand the ban of CFC-12 sales to untrained, unqualified do-it-yourself car owners. Ms. Cook documented the lessons learned from this experience in the 1996 WRI report, Ozone Protection in the United States: Elements of Success.
Dr. Stephen J. DeCanio, University of California, Santa Barbara
For Leadership in Estimating Benefits of Ozone Layer Protection
From 1986 to 1987, Dr. Stephen J. DeCanio was a senior staff economist at the Council of Economic Advisers where he helped develop economic analysis in support of strong U.S. leadership in the Montreal Protocol negotiations. He was a founding member of the 1989 Economic Options Panel and the Economic Options Committee convened under the TEAP in 1991. He participated in some of the most influential conferences and problem-solving meetings, where he provided persuasive economic arguments confirming extraordinary benefits from ozone layer protection. He participated in the 1991 International Workshop on Technology Transfer to Eliminate Ozone-Depleting Chemicals of the National Academy of Engineering, on EPA’s Stratospheric Ozone Protection Advisory Committee, and in the U.S.-Japan Pathfinder meetings. Dr. DeCanio is one of the most accomplished scholars of ozone layer protection with publications in Issues in Science and Technology (1989), Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy (1991 and 1993), Policy Studies Journal (1991), International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics (2003), Contemporary Economic Policy (2005), Sustainable Development Law and Policy (2007), and Journal of Environmental Management (forthcoming). He has also contributed many other articles and chapters to government and United Nations publications.
David Doniger, Natural Resources Defense Council
For NRDC and EPA Leadership in Stratospheric Ozone Protection
David Doniger is the policy director of the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) Climate Center, focusing on policies to curb global warming pollution from power plants, motor vehicles, and major industries. Mr. Doniger also leads NRDC’s work to complete the phaseout of chemicals that deplete the earth’s protective ozone layer. Mr. Doniger first joined NRDC in 1978. During the 1980s, he helped win adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the ozone-protection title of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. He rejoined NRDC in 2001 after serving for eight years in the Clinton administration, where he was director of climate change policy at EPA. Prior to this position, he was counsel to the head of the EPA’s clean air program and was also at the Council on Environmental Quality. He has combined public advocacy and litigation with a willingness to negotiate and work in partnership. He was a member of the team that negotiated the voluntary phaseout of CFCs from food packaging and an influential and supportive participant in EPA’s voluntary programs, including the Mobile Air Conditioning Climate Protection Partnership.
Fran Du Melle, American Thoracic Society
For Strategy and Leadership in Ozone-Safe Metered Dose Inhalers
Fran Du Melle has demonstrated extraordinary individual leadership as a senior executive at the American Lung Association and now at the American Thoracic Society. She was the convener of the U.S. Stakeholders Group on MDI Transition, which facilitated the transition from CFC MDIs to ozone-friendly alternatives. Ms. Du Melle’s leadership helped to ensure support for the objectives of the Montreal Protocol from its earliest beginning, alongside strong advocacy for the needs of patients with asthma and COPD. Ms. Du Melle’s skills were key to bringing the interests of North America’s leading patient advocacy and medical professional groups to the transition. Her strategic outlook guided the U.S. Stakeholders Group in its proactive input to policy development processes with the clear objective of advocating a timely and safe transition to alternatives.
For Leadership in the Phase-Out of Ozone-Depleting Solvents
Brian Ellis is a pioneer of aqueous cleaning in the electronics industry in Europe with the first conversion from CFC to water in 1964 to 1965 and hundreds thereafter. He also developed computerized contamination control instrumentation to determine the effectiveness of cleaning methods and for process control, as well as hi-tech
aqueous cleaners/dryers. He was the solvents consultant to the Swiss Federal Office of the Environment, Forests and Landscape (BUWAL) from 1988 to 2004. He was also a member of the TEAP Solvents TOC from1989 to 2004, where he was the electronics chapter lead author and the 2002 Assessment Report editor. He has been a corresponding member of the TEAP Chemicals TOC since 2004. Mr. Ellis was also the co-chair and lead author on the TEAP n-Propyl Bromide Task Force and a senior solvents consultant to the UNEP MLF Secretariat from 2000 to 2002, where he evaluated completed projects in Article 5 countries.
Marco González, Ozone Secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programme
For Leadership in Diplomatic Consensus and in the Multilateral Fund
Marco González has earned global respect for maintaining and advancing the consensus of the Montreal Protocol. He served as the executive secretary of the Ozone Secretariat, a post held since 2002, and as vice chairman and chairman of the Executive Committee of the MLF in the critical years of 1997 and 1998, respectively. He has provided innovation and leadership in his representation of Costa Rica at key Meetings of the Parties and has guided developing countries toward successful consensus. Mr. González is renowned for thoughtful and extensive communication with members of formal and informal working groups and for his logical approach to problem-solving, which has earned the respect of Parties from all over the world.
John Hoffman, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, retired
For Pioneering Leadership in Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Protection
John Hoffman, with Stephen Seidel, took up the challenge of ozone layer protection at a time when others at EPA had lost interest. They rejuvenated ozone policy research, motivated scientists, and gained the support of EPA senior managers. They involved experts and attended international meetings, where they influenced agendas and strategies. They built the administrative record by showing the links between increasing emissions, ozone depletion, and effects. With others at EPA, they stimulated and fine-tuned international consensus on the issue. In 1987, Mr. Hoffman led the team that first translated the scientific calculations of the dozen ODSs into a single integrated measure of equivalent chlorine abundance. He popularized the use of charts showing the effect of each technically and economically feasible policy option on the future equivalent abundance, allowing policy-makers to choose the desired level of ozone protection. Mr. Hoffman was also the inspiration, designer, and implementer of some of the most innovative climate protection programs at EPA, including Green Lights, ENERGY STAR™, the Golden Carrot, and methane reduction programs.
Paul Horwitz, Ozone Secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programme
For Leadership and Innovation in Montreal Protocol Negotiations
For more than a decade, Paul Horwitz led the EPA contingent of the U.S. delegation at international negotiations under the Montreal Protocol. His leadership and personal dedication to the ozone issue helped advance global environmental protection. In particular, his leadership on the Executive Committee of the MLF led to the development of policies aimed at enabling cost-effective implementation and global compliance with the Montreal Protocol. Mr. Horwitz strategically worked with developed and developing countries alike in an effort to find win-win solutions that enhanced the capacity of countries to implement the Protocol in a reasonable manner. He served as vice-chair and chairman of the MLF Executive Committee, as well as president of the Parties to the Vienna Convention. Mr. Horwitz also brought his energy, vision, and innovation to the development of domestic ozone policy. As a consequence, his actions resulted in enormous global environmental benefits, and his efforts helped enable all countries to meet their obligations under the Montreal Protocol.
K. Madhava Sarma, Ozone Secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programme
For Strategy, Leadership, and Institution-building for Ozone Layer Protection
K. Madhava Sarma was the first executive secretary of the Secretariat for the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol (Ozone Secretariat) for UNEP, serving from 1991 to 2000. In this position, he demonstrated extraordinary leadership and commitment to ODS elimination. He has contributed widely and deeply to ozone protection work in many aspects, including national leadership in India, advocacy for developing country participation in ozone protection in UNEP ozone meetings, management excellence in the Ozone Secretariat, membership of the TEAP, consultancy to UNEP, and individual commitment to the Montreal Protocol as a visionary, scholar, and policy advisor. He earned the 1996 EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award and the 2005 UNEP Vienna Convention Award in recognition of his exemplary service for the protection of the ozone layer. He authored Protecting the Ozone Layer: The United Nations History in 2002 with Stephen O. Andersen and Technology Transfer for the Ozone Layer: Lessons for Climate Change in 2007 with Stephen O. Andersen and Kristen N. Taddonio.
Masatoshi Kinoshita, Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha Limited
For Leadership in Phasing Out Ozone-Depleting Solvents
As the first chairman of the Japan Industrial Conference on Cleaning (JICC), Mr. Kinoshita organized and managed JICC’s efforts to offer substitutes and alternative solvent technologies in Japan and across the world. Approximately 130 companies, including manufacturers of cleaning agents, cleaning machines, and peripheral equipment for industrial cleaning processes, established JICC in 1994. The main objective of this new organization was to protect the ozone layer by accelerating the phaseout of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-T) and CFC-113 in industrial cleaning processes, especially at small companies. Mr. Kinoshita served as JICC’s president from 1994 to 1999 and has since continued to support ozone protection activities as an advisor to the organization.
Dr. David Liddy, U.K. Ministry of Defence
For Leadership in the Military Phaseout of Halons
Dr. David Liddy has been active in the U.K. Ministry of Defence’s central Montreal Protocol and environmental policy organizations since 1992. He is a specialist in halon replacements and is responsible for guiding and steering all aspects of the Ministry of Defence’s ODS policies and related research programs. Dr. Liddy has been a focal point for military critical use of halons within Europe. He recently participated in a study organized by the European Commission to make recommendations on a timetable for the future phaseout of all military halon uses. For this study, he facilitated the participation of European Union defence ministries through the Defence Environmental Network (DEFNET), in which he plays a leading role. Dr. Liddy is a member of the UNEP Halons Technical Options Committee (HTOC), and he recently co-authored the military chapter of the 2006 HTOC Assessment Report, which necessitated evaluating the worldwide military uses of halons and alternatives.
Yasuko Matsumoto, Greenpeace Japan (currently an associate professor of Kyoto University)
For Environmental Leadership in ODS Phaseout
From 1990 to 1998, Yasuko Matsumoto was an atmosphere campaigner at Greenpeace Japan, where she coordinated work on the ozone layer and global warming issues. At that time, hardly any information on ODSs was available to the public, and there was little public and media concern for the ODS issue. Ms. Matsumoto helped raise awareness of ozone layer depletion through efforts such as investigating and coordinating reports on ODS production and consumption trends in Japan, educating the media, and giving many lectures and talks. She also helped bring about Japan’s first commercial ODS-free refrigerator by lobbying Japanese manufacturers to commercially produce Greenfreeze-type refrigerators in Japan; holding a Greenfreeze exhibit for the business community, including the refrigeration industry; hosting seminars for relevant Japanese companies with the cooperation of European companies; working through the media; and conducting consumer activities such as a postcard campaign. Thanks to newspaper articles and the cooperation of consumer cooperatives and other NGOs, many people who had never been involved in consumer activities or the environmental movement participated in the postcard campaign, helping to create market pressure on Japanese home appliance companies. Her work was continued by Ms. Kazue Suzuki of Greenpeace Japan.
Steven J. McCormick, U.S. Army
For Halon-Free Military Ground Vehicle Fire Suppression Systems
Steven McCormick has been recognized by the U.S. government, foreign defense ministries, national and international regulators, industry, and academia as a leader in the search for alternatives to the use of halons in fire suppression. His work has been a cornerstone in DoD’s program to eliminate the use of ODSs. For over a decade, as the world searched in vain for a drop-in replacement for Halon-1301 in fire suppression systems, Mr. McCormick looked past the easy fix to long-term and sustainable solutions that protect the ozone layer and maintain or improve fire-fighting effectiveness. From 1992 to 2006, the Army’s annual halon use fell by 60 percent, directly attributable to the efforts of Mr. McCormick. And the Army’s use will continue to decrease, because of retrofits to existing systems, because new systems are now halon-free, and because Mr. McCormick continues to work for the elimination of halons from all Army ground vehicles.
Alan Miller, University of Maryland Center for Climate Change, Natural Resources Defense Council, and World Resources Institute
For Pioneering Advocacy and Cooperation for Ozone Layer and Climate Protection
Alan S. Miller is a principal project officer at the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the private sector lending arm of The World Bank Group. He serves as team leader for climate change and Global Environment Facility (GEF) coordinator, with responsibility for IFC environmental and clean energy projects. Previously, Mr. Miller was team leader for climate change and ozone at the GEF. From 1989 until joining the GEF in 1997, Mr. Miller founded and directed the Center for Global Change at the University of Maryland and developed an international ozone protection program, including workshops on the importance of the military to climate protection and Pathfinder meetings in Japan. At the World Resources Institute (1984-1986), he coordinated early efforts to bring ozone science to the public, authored reports on showing the feasibility of substitutes for CFCs, and organized the first cooperation between U.S. and European NGOs on ozone depletion issues. Earlier, at the Natural Resources Defense Council (1979-1984), he initiated the suit against EPA that brought recognition of the ozone layer depletion threat and an EPA plan to control ODSs. He is the author of numerous books and articles on environmental policy, including Fluorocarbon Regulations: An International Comparison.
Peter Mullenhard, Science Applications International Corporation, U.S. Navy Shipboard Environmental Information Clearinghouse
For Leadership in Technology Cooperation for Ozone Layer Protection
Mr. Peter Mullenhard is one of the most highly recognized experts on ODSs and their replacements within DoD and its international military partners. He helped establish the Navy’s CFC & Halon Clearinghouse (now known as the Navy Shipboard Environmental Information Clearinghouse) with a mission to assist military users in phasing out ODSs and to share information on ODS alternatives with other military, government, and commercial organizations. Due to his expertise in the areas of ODS replacements, domestic and international environmental laws and regulations, and mission-critical military requirements, senior DoD personnel routinely consult him for advice. As a result, Mr. Mullenhard has played a critical role in the formulation of DoD’s forward-thinking ODS policies. He has also served as the secretary for the U.S. DoD Ozone-Depleting Substances Services Steering Committee (ODS SSC) since its inception in 1991. The ODS SSC performs essential oversight and coordination roles, and sustains senior-leadership emphasis on ODS elimination and responsible ODS management. Mr. Mullenhard’s untiring leadership and initiative for over 16 years has been the key to the success of the Navy Shipboard Environmental Information Clearinghouse.
Tsutomu Odagiri, Japan Industrial Conference on Cleaning (JICC)
For Leadership in Phasing Out Ozone-Depleting Solvents
Tsutomu Odagiri played a key role in the development and implementation of projects to phase out ODSs in cleaning applications in Japan and developing countries. He has been instrumental in the elimination of ODS cleaning agents at small enterprises in Japan and in coordinating technology transfer in the industrial cleaning sector. He developed several systematic measures, organized a new association on cleaning, edited manuals and guidebooks, given lectures, and translated many important technical papers and books into Japanese. He has continued to protect the ozone layer since 1988 through membership in several organizations, including Asahi Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Japan Association for Hygiene of Chlorinated Solvents (JAHCS), Japan Industrial Conference for Ozone Layer Protection (JICOP), Japan Industrial Conference on Cleaning (JICC), and Sagami Environmental Research Center (SERC).
Marta Pizano, Hortitecnia
For Agricultural Leadership on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide
Marta Pizano has demonstrated exceptional personal dedication in promoting the use of ODS-free technologies in agriculture through technology transfer. Since 1998, she assisted over 20 developing countries to adopt (and adapt) ODS-free alternatives and strategies in agricultural sectors. Her commitment and example inspired farmers, international companies, and colleagues to take action to phase out ODSs. She linked experts and stakeholders and provided an admirable example of perseverance, working tirelessly for ozone protection. She collaborated with ozone officers, growers associations, individual growers, United Nations implementing agencies, and many others, sharing and exchanging knowledge about ODS alternatives. All of her work with TEAP and the Methyl Bromide TOC was done entirely without payment for her time, and being self-employed it was done at great personal cost to herself and her family. Without her input, it would not have been possible to complete numerous demanding tasks, such as compiling technical information from many experts for the collaborative production of reports for UNEP bodies associated with the Montreal Protocol.
Dr. Nancy Reichman, University of Denver
For Path-Breaking Sociological Research on Montreal Protocol Networks
Dr. Nancy Reichman is chair and professor of sociology at Denver University and a world expert on the functioning and strategy of the Montreal Protocol infrastructure. With Dr. Penelope Canan, she published Ozone Connections: Expert Networks in Global Environmental Governance, which is widely considered the most sophisticated quantitative and qualitative analysis of networks of treaty implementation ever undertaken. The book presents a study of the social dynamics of networked governance, regulatory processes of mutual adjustment where the governed and those who govern them cooperated to constitute the rules of governance. This work argues that we need to understand how the implementation of complex global environmental agreements depends on the construction and exploitation of social connections among experts who act collectively to define solutions to environmental problems. The analysis developed to describe the networks of the Montreal Protocol is a blueprint of how other global multilateral agreements can organize in a functional, technically optimistic, and democratically successful way. Dr. Reichman is co-editor of Law and Policy, an international and interdisciplinary journal that examines the intersection of law, policy, and governance.
Stephen Seidel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, retired
For Pioneering Strategy for Ozone Layer and Climate Protection
Stephen Seidel, with John Hoffman, took up the challenge of ozone layer protection at a time when all others at EPA had lost interest. They rejuvenated ozone policy research, motivated scientists, and gained the support of EPA senior managers. They used their Washington networks to identify and involve other experts and, with others at EPA, they stimulated the growing international consensus. Mr. Seidel directed EPA’s Stratospheric Protection Division from its inception until 1995. He was involved in the development and implementation of the most innovative provisions of the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act, including taxes, labeling, mandatory recycling, and the Significant New Alternatives Policy Program. He collaborated closely with a wide range of stakeholders from within and outside of government and was a genius at finding solutions that everyone could support. He orchestrated the politically sensitive transition of CFC-12 in millions of car air conditioners. Mr. Seidel was also a key participant in expanding the Montreal Protocol to include additional substances, in the start-up of the MLF, and in the development of the Protocol’s Implementation Committee.
Dr. Ronald Swiren Sheinson, Navy Technology Center for Safety & Survivability, United States Naval Research Laboratory, U.S. Navy
For Leadership in Research, Development, and System Design of Alternatives to Halon
Dr. Ronald S. Sheinson is regarded worldwide as one of the foremost authorities in fire suppression technologies, and he has made significant contributions to the global effort to eliminate halons. As the head of the Combustion Dynamics Section of the Navy Technology Center for Safety & Survivability at the United States Naval Research Laboratory, his individual efforts and initiatives have been critical to enabling the Navy’s elimination of Halon-1301 use on new construction vessels. Dr. Sheinson formulated and managed the Navy’s comprehensive halon replacement research, development, and testing program, which began in the early 1990s. This program was the most comprehensive halon replacement research program in the world, and much of the work done under this program supported government and industry halon-replacement efforts worldwide. Without his scientific knowledge and leadership, the rapid phaseout of halons in shipboard applications would not have been possible. Dr. Sheinson’s broader contributions include technology transfer via many publications and presentations. Also, he serves as a technical coordinating committee member of DoD’s Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) Next Generation Fire Suppression Technology Program (from its formation), and as a U.S. member and consulting expert on the UNEP Halons TOC since 1990.
Dr. Mostafa Tolba, United Nations Environment Programme
For Strategic Science, Diplomatic Genius and Inspiring Leadership to Protect the Ozone Layer
Dr. Mostafa Tolba is known for his formidable negotiating skills, his mastery of environmental science, and his power to inspire. In 1972, he led Egypt’s delegation to the Stockholm conference, which led to the establishment of UNEP. For 17 years, Dr. Tolba served as Deputy Executive Director and then Executive Director of UNEP, spearheading negotiations that were essential to reaching agreement on the Vienna Convention, the Montreal Protocol, and many other international treaties. Dr. Tolba was one of the first advocates of a global approach to ozone protection. His dynamic leadership brought institutions and governments together on the issue. He was instrumental in empowering developing countries, bringing them to the table, and winning their support. He also entrusted industry and military organizations with the responsibility to protect the earth for future generations. Without Dr. Tolba, the Montreal Protocol might have been delayed by years—or never come to pass. It also would not have been as aggressively strengthened or effectively enforced.
Gregory S. Toms, P.E., Naval Sea Systems Command, Shipboard Environmental Protection Department (SEA 05P25), U.S. Navy
For Leadership in Phasing Out CFCs and Halons on Ships
Through the extraordinary efforts of Mr. Gregory Toms, the program manager for the U.S. Navy’s CFC and Halon Elimination Program, more than 75 percent of the Navy’s nearly 1,500 CFC air conditioning and refrigeration plants installed in more than 250 ships and submarines have been converted to non-ozone-depleting refrigerants. When the program is completed in the next several years, it will have eliminated more than one-half million pounds of ozone-destroying CFCs. Mr. Toms also plans, promotes, defends, and coordinates the Navy’s overall ODS management and elimination program Through his efforts, the Navy now has three different non-halon occupied space flooding systems available for use on new construction ships, alternatives to CFC-113 solvent for precision cleaning of oxygen life support systems, and a successful bank of ODS to support mission-critical weapons systems until they can be converted to ozone-friendly technologies or retired from service.
Dr. Helen Tope, Energy International Australia
For Leadership and Personal Dedication in Protecting the Ozone Layer
Co-chair of the Aerosols, Sterilants, Miscellaneous Uses and Carbon Tetrachloride Technical Options Committee (ATOC), now the Medical Technical Options Committee (MTOC), and member of TEAP since 1995, Dr. Tope was involved in the phaseout of ODSs as an environment regulator for the Government of Victoria, Australia. As a
member of TEAP, Dr. Tope worked on several task forces concerning process agents and HFCs. As member of the ATOC and MTOC, she contributed valuable analysis and perspective to the MDI phaseout. She also has worked with sterilization, miscellaneous uses, and laboratory uses of ODSs. During her 12 years as TOC co-chair, Dr. Tope has been in charge of the production of TOC reports, organization of TOC meetings, and incorporation of new members to emphasize participation from developing countries. Her dedication to protect the ozone layer has been outstanding. Dr. Tope’s TEAP/TOC work has meant a substantial economic sacrifice since she stopped her work at Victoria’s EPA and continues to fulfill her TEAP commitments. Dr. Tope has been instrumental in protecting the ozone layer in the following capacities: senior policy advisor; member of TEAP; co-chair and member of the ATOC and MTOC; and participant in global conferences and workshops.
Dr. Peyton Weary, University of Virginia School of Medicine, retired
For Promoting Ozone Layer Protection to Prevent Skin Cancer
Dr. Peyton Weary has for many years provided national leadership in efforts to recognize and prevent skin cancer. In 1969, he created the first of a series of free skin cancer detection clinics in rural Virginia, which subsequently have become nationally sponsored yearly by the American Academy of Dermatology. Because most skin cancer is caused by excessive ultraviolet radiation, depletion of the ozone layer (which results in increased surface radiation exposure) threatens to increase the incidence of skin cancer that already causes serious worldwide morbidity and mortality. In an effort to substantially increase public awareness of the need for prevention and early detection of skin cancer, Dr. Weary convinced the Centers for Disease Control to create and support the National Council for Skin Cancer Prevention in 1997 to provide a forum for national organizations to coordinate efforts and share accurate and compelling skin cancer prevention information. In addition, the Federal Council for Skin Cancer Prevention was established to provide coordination among a number of governmental agencies. Dr. Weary also played a key role in the establishment and 1994 launch of the Ultraviolet (UV) Index, which is now a key public service provided jointly by EPA and the National Weather Service.
Robert T. Wickham, P.E., Wickham Associates
For Technical Leadership in Commercializing Halon Alternatives
Mr. Wickham is respected in the United States and international fire protection industry for his technical expertise, extensive knowledge, and experience. He has worked with many companies, government agencies, and standards development organizations in the United States and internationally. He is a long-serving member of the National Fire Protection Association technical committee that created the first-ever standard for the use of halon replacements, and was a driving force for the acceptance of the physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for determining safe exposure levels for replacement agents. Mr. Wickham has served as a delegate to the International Maritime Organization Sub-Committee on Fire Protection for the past 13 years, addressing issues such as halon alternatives for shipboard fire protection systems. He also serves as the head of the U.S. delegation to the International Organization for Standardization’s technical committee responsible for the standards for halon alternatives. For many years, he offered his diverse fire protection experience to the agencies within China responsible for moving from halon use to alternative fire protection technologies in a safe and timely manner.
Prof. Ashley Woodcock, University of Manchester
For Medical Community Leadership in Ozone Layer Protection
Prof. Ashley Woodcock became co-chair of the Aerosols, Sterilants, Miscellaneous Uses and Carbon Tetrachloride Technical Options Committee (ATOC), now the Medical Technical Options Committee (MTOC), and member of the TEAP in 1996. He has contributed to about 24 TEAP/TOC reports and was co-chair of the medical aerosols chapter of the IPCC/TEAP Special Report on Safeguarding the Ozone Layer and the Global Climate System. He has clearly articulated health issues associated with the transition of CFC MDIs for treatment of asthma and COPD to CFC-free alternatives, while strongly advocating the medical imperatives of protecting the ozone layer. Prof. Woodcock also used his extensive professional networks among the global medical community to inform and facilitate the transition. He has also been involved in the development of the European Union’s transitional strategy for the phaseout of CFC MDIs. In 2006, he was honored with the Order of the British Empire for services to the Montreal Protocol.
Note to awardees: When referring to any EPA Award, please include the year in which the award was received.