Tools and Resources
Policies, Potential, and Benefits | Biomass/Biogas | Solar | Wind | Other
Policies, Potential, Benefits
Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action
The Guide to Action provides in-depth information about 16 clean energy policies and programs that states are using to meet their energy, environmental, and economic objectives. Section 5 of the Guide includes information on renewable portfolio standards, public benefits funds for state clean energy supply, interconnection standards, fostering green power markets, and lead by example initiatives.
Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE)
DSIRE is a comprehensive source of information on the status of state programs and incentives promoting renewable energy, including information on financial incentives and net metering policies, as well as related awareness and investment programs.
Distributed Renewable Energy Finance and Policy Toolkit
The Distributed Renewable Energy Finance and Policy Toolkit (PDF) (32 pp, 865K) describes the many financing options available to state energy offices, municipal governments, and other energy agencies for utilizing public funds for clean energy project support. The report analyzes their strengths and weaknesses and identifies best practices. One key finding is that the use of these tools as a portfolio of approaches creates the most robust, effective programs.
Economic Impacts of Repowering the Midwest
Job Jolt: The Economic Impacts of Repowering the Midwest , published by the Environmental Law and Policy Center in 2003, is a comprehensive study of the economic impacts of implementing a proposed clean energy development plan to phase in more energy efficient technologies and renewable energy development.
Job Creation in the Clean Energy Industry
Putting Renewables and Energy Efficiency To Work: How Many Jobs Can The Clean Energy Industry Generate in the U.S.? (PDF) (36 pp, 188K) presents an analytical job creation model for the U.S. power sector to 2030. The model synthesizes data from 15 job studies covering renewable energy (RE), energy efficiency (EE), carbon capture and storage (CCS), and nuclear power to conclude that all non-fossil fuel technologies (RE, EE, low carbon) create more jobs per unit energy than coal and natural gas.
Jobs from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
This fact sheet (PDF) (6 pp, 245K) gives statistics on clean energy jobs information in the U.S., states, and internationally. It also provides data by generating resource type and a special section on Green Collar Jobs Legislation.
Levelized Cost of Energy Analysis
This analysis (PDF) (17 pp, 193K) shows the true cost of different electricity technologies by comparing their levelized cost of energy including sensitivities for fuel costs, illustrative carbon emissions costs, federal tax subsidies, and anticipated capital costs over time.
Regional Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity
National Renewable Energy Laboratory's 2009 report, An Examination of the Regional Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity in the United States through 2015 (PDF) (51 pp, 889K) , examines two supply scenarios: a business as usual scenario based on current growth rates and a market-based scenario that assumes a higher level of wind energy development. The report includes both demand driven by existing state RPS policies, as well as demand in the voluntary renewable market.
Renewable Energy Certificate Tracking Systems
Because Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) can be sold separately from the underlying electricity, the possibility for fraud can exist unless the RECs are tracked from their point of creation to their final point of use. EPA's Green Power Partnership provides an overview of REC tracking systems, including a map of the regional tracking systems that have been developed in the United States.
State Maps of Renewable Energy Potential on Contaminated Lands
These maps show properties with renewable energy generation potential on contaminated lands and mining sites in all 50 states.
State of the States 2009: Renewable Energy Development and the Role of Policy
This National Renewable Energy Laboratory report provides a detailed picture of the status of renewable energy development in each of the U.S. states using a variety of metrics and discusses the policies being used to encourage this development. The report explores the context in which renewable energy development occurs by discussing the factors that can affect the uptake of power generation technologies. The analysis offers suggestions on how policies can be used to address these variables, which leads to tailored policy support that considers the specific circumstances within each state.
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Biomass Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Catalog of Technologies
The Biomass Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Catalog of Technologies provides a detailed technology characterization of biomass CHP Systems. The report reviews the technical and economic characterization of biomass resources, biomass preparation, energy conversion technologies, power productions systems, and complete integrated systems.
Biomass Resource Assessment Tool
This online biomass mapping tool allows users to select a location on the map, quantify the biomass resources available within a user-defined radius, and then estimate the total thermal energy or power that could be generated by recovering a portion of that biomass.
Biomass Resource Maps
This website provides county–level biomass resource maps , which are useful for states interested in their feedstock potential in the following categories: crop residues, forest residues, primary mill residues, secondary mill residues, urban wood waste, methane emissions from landfills, methane emissions from manure management, methane emissions from wastewater treatment plants, and dedicated energy crops.
The report Geographic Perspective on the Current Biomass Resource Availability in the United States (PDF) (70 pp, 2.45M) provides the basis for the resource maps.
Forest Inventory Data Online (FIDO)
This online tool provides access to the National Forest Inventory and Analysis databases . It can be used to generate tables and maps of forest statistics by running standard reports for a specific state or county and survey year, or customized reports based on criteria selected by the user.
Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) Landfill Database
The Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) Landfill Database provides a nationwide listing of operational and under construction LFG energy projects; candidate municipal solid waste landfills having LFG energy potential; and information on additional landfills that could represent LFG energy opportunities.
Market Opportunities for Biogas Recovery Systems
This report (PDF) (40 pp, 3.05M) assesses the market potential for biogas energy projects at swine and dairy farms in the United States. For the top ten swine and dairy states, the guide characterizes the sizes and types of operations where biogas projects are technically feasible, along with estimates of potential methane production, electricity generation, and greenhouse gas emission reductions.
State Assessment for Biomass Resources (SABRE)
SABRE features state–specific information on conventional fuel and biofuel use, ethanol and biodiesel stations and production plants, and biofuel production capacities. In addition, it offers state-by–state snapshots of available feedstocks, data on potential production capacities, and projections on the future use of biofuels.
State Bioenergy Primer
The State Bioenergy Primer (PDF) (104 pp,5.25M) offers succinct descriptions of biomass feedstocks, conversion technologies, and the benefits/challenges of promoting bioenergy. It includes a step–wise framework, resources, and tools for determining the availability of feedstocks, assessing potential markets for biomass, and identifying opportunities for action at the state level. The primer also describes financial, policy, regulatory, technology, and informational strategies for encouraging investment in bioenergy projects and advancing bioenergy goals.
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Connecting to the Grid
The Interstate Renewable Energy Council's Connecting to the Grid program provides services and resources to facilitate the development of interconnection procedures and net metering rules for renewable–energy systems and other forms of distributed generation.
Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's 2009 report, Financing Non–Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications (PDF) (83 pp, 387K), discusses financing innovations that have made solar power more affordable. The report includes a section on state and local policy support for photovoltaic deployment.
Open PV Mapping Project
Open PV Mapping Project is a collaborative effort between government, industry, and the public to develop a comprehensive database of photovoltaic (PV) installation data for the United States. The project includes over 50,000 installations and provides a Web-based resource for users to easily understand the current status and past progress of the PV industry.
States Advancing Solar
The States Advancing Solar Resource Center is a continuously updated list of reports and other publications regarding solar technologies and state solar programs. The materials are seachable by title, author, and by topic categories.
Solar Energy Technologies Program
The Solar Energy Technologies Program focuses on developing cost-effective solar energy technologies that have the greatest potential to benefit the nation and the world. Subprograms focus on photovoltaics, concentrating solar power, systems integration, and market transformation.
Solar Photovoltaic Financing on Public Property
National Renewable Energy Laboratory's 2008 report, Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Deployment on Public Property by State and Local Governments (PDF) (72 pp, 1.14M), discusses structures of public-sector PV financing, industry trends, barriers to implementation, and state and local government examples of PV deployment.
Solar Power Purchase Agreements
A Solar Power Purchase Agreement (SPPA) is a financial arrangement in which a third-party developer owns, operates, and maintains a photovoltaic (PV) system, and a customer hosts the system on its property and purchases the system's electric output for a predetermined period. EPA's Green Power Partnership has developed a Web page to provide information on SPPAs, how they are structured, and the benefits and challenges of implementing them.
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Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2007 (PDF) (32 pp, 3.17M) reviews the price of wind power in the U.S. and describes trends in installed wind project costs, wind turbine transaction prices, project performance, and operations and maintenance expenses. The report also examines other factors impacting the domestic wind power market, including grid integration costs, transmission issues, and policy drivers.
US Department of Energy's Wind Program
DOE's Wind Program is part of the of the federal government's effort to support the increased deployment of wind energy facilities on public, private, and tribal lands, airspace, and offshore. This site is a resource for information on the siting of wind turbines and Federal activities to support the increased deployment of wind energy.
National Wind Coordinating Committee
The National Wind Coordinating Committee is comprised of representatives from the utility, wind industry, environmental, consumer, regulatory, power marketer, agricultural, tribal, economic development, and state and federal government sectors to support the development of an environmentally, economically, and politically sustainable commercial market for wind power.
Utility Wind Integration Group
The mission of the Utility Wind Integration Group (UWIG) is to accelerate the development and application of good engineering and operational practices supporting the appropriate integration of wind power into the electric system.
Wind Energy Guide for County Commissioners
The Wind Energy Guide for County Commissioners (PDF) (28 pp, 1.2M) provides county commissioners, planners, and other local county government officials with a practical overview of information required to successfully implement commercial wind energy projects in their county.
Wind Powering America
Wind Powering America is a commitment to dramatically increase the use of wind energy in the United States. WPA concentrates its efforts in "stuck" markets; develops innovative pilot projects; replicates successes; and develops and disseminates targeted information, analyses, and tools.
Wind Resource Maps
These high–resolution maps of wind energy resources allow for better siting of wind turbines and have led to the recognition of higher-class winds in new regions.
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Geothermal Technologies Program
The U.S. Department of Energy's Geothermal Technologies Program works in partnership with U.S. industry to establish geothermal energy as an economically competitive contributor to the U.S. energy supply.
Hydropower Technologies Program
The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program aims to research, test, and develop innovative technologies capable of generating renewable, environmentally responsible, and cost-effective electricity from water. These include marine and hydrokinetic technologies, which harness the energy from wave, tidal, current and ocean thermal resources, as well as technologies that improve the efficiency, flexibility, and environmental performance of conventional hydroelectric generation.