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State and Local Climate and Energy Program

Renewable Energy

Tools and Resources

Policies, Potential, and Benefits | Biomass/Biogas | Solar | Wind | Other

Policies, Potential, Benefits

Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action

The Guide to Action provides in-depth information about 16 clean energy policies and programs that states are using to meet their energy, environmental, and economic objectives. Section 5 of the Guide includes information on renewable portfolio standards, public benefits funds for state clean energy supply, interconnection standards, fostering green power markets, and lead by example initiatives.

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE)

DSIRE Exit EPA disclaimer is a comprehensive source of information on the status of state programs and incentives promoting renewable energy, including information on financial incentives and net metering policies, as well as related awareness and investment programs.

Distributed Renewable Energy Finance and Policy Toolkit

The Distributed Renewable Energy Finance and Policy Toolkit (PDF) (32 pp, 865K) Exit EPA disclaimer describes the many financing options available to state energy offices, municipal governments, and other energy agencies for utilizing public funds for clean energy project support. The report analyzes their strengths and weaknesses and identifies best practices. One key finding is that the use of these tools as a portfolio of approaches creates the most robust, effective programs.

Job Creation in the Clean Energy Industry

Putting Renewables and Energy Efficiency To Work: How Many Jobs Can The Clean Energy Industry Generate in the U.S.? (PDF) (36 pp, 188K) Exit EPA disclaimer presents an analytical job creation model for the U.S. power sector to 2030. The model synthesizes data from 15 job studies covering renewable energy (RE), energy efficiency (EE), carbon capture and storage (CCS), and nuclear power to conclude that all non-fossil fuel technologies (RE, EE, low carbon) create more jobs per unit energy than coal and natural gas.

Jobs from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

This fact sheet (PDF) (6 pp, 245K) Exit EPA disclaimer gives statistics on clean energy jobs information in the U.S., states, and internationally. It also provides data by generating resource type and a special section on Green Collar Jobs Legislation.

Levelized Cost of Energy Analysis

This analysis (PDF) (17 pp, 193K) Exit EPA disclaimer shows the true cost of different electricity technologies by comparing their levelized cost of energy including sensitivities for fuel costs, illustrative carbon emissions costs, federal tax subsidies, and anticipated capital costs over time.

Regional Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity

National Renewable Energy Laboratory's 2009 report, An Examination of the Regional Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity in the United States through 2015 (PDF) (51 pp, 889K) Exit EPA disclaimer, examines two supply scenarios: a business as usual scenario based on current growth rates and a market-based scenario that assumes a higher level of wind energy development. The report includes both demand driven by existing state RPS policies, as well as demand in the voluntary renewable market.

Renewable Energy Certificate Tracking Systems

Because Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) can be sold separately from the underlying electricity, the possibility for fraud can exist unless the RECs are tracked from their point of creation to their final point of use. EPA's Green Power Partnership provides an overview of REC tracking systems, including a map of the regional tracking systems that have been developed in the United States.

State of the States 2009: Renewable Energy Development and the Role of Policy

This National Renewable Energy Laboratory report (PDF) (231pp, 4.3MB) Exit EPA disclaimer provides a detailed picture of the status of renewable energy development in each of the U.S. states using a variety of metrics and discusses the policies being used to encourage this development. The report explores the context in which renewable energy development occurs by discussing the factors that can affect the uptake of power generation technologies. The analysis offers suggestions on how policies can be used to address these variables, which leads to tailored policy support that considers the specific circumstances within each state.

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Biomass/Biogas

Biomass Resource Maps

This website provides county–level biomass resource maps Exit EPA disclaimer, which are useful for states interested in their feedstock potential in the following categories: crop residues, forest residues, primary mill residues, secondary mill residues, urban wood waste, methane emissions from landfills, methane emissions from manure management, methane emissions from wastewater treatment plants, and dedicated energy crops.

The report Geographic Perspective on the Current Biomass Resource Availability in the United States (PDF) (70 pp, 2.45M) Exit EPA disclaimer provides the basis for the resource maps.

Forest Inventory Data Online (FIDO)

This online tool provides access to the National Forest Inventory and Analysis databases Exit EPA disclaimer. It can be used to generate tables and maps of forest statistics by running standard reports for a specific state or county and survey year, or customized reports based on criteria selected by the user.

Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) Landfill Database

The Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) Landfill Database provides a nationwide listing of operational and under construction LFG energy projects; candidate municipal solid waste landfills having LFG energy potential; and information on additional landfills that could represent LFG energy opportunities.

Market Opportunities for Biogas Recovery Systems

This report (PDF) (40 pp, 3.05M) assesses the market potential for biogas energy projects at swine and dairy farms in the United States. For the top ten swine and dairy states, the guide characterizes the sizes and types of operations where biogas projects are technically feasible, along with estimates of potential methane production, electricity generation, and greenhouse gas emission reductions.

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Solar

Connecting to the Grid

The Interstate Renewable Energy Council's Connecting to the Grid program Exit EPA disclaimer provides services and resources to facilitate the development of interconnection procedures and net metering rules for renewable–energy systems and other forms of distributed generation.

Open PV Mapping Project

Open PV Mapping Project is a collaborative effort between government, industry, and the public to develop a comprehensive database of photovoltaic (PV) installation data for the United States. The project includes over 50,000 installations and provides a Web-based resource for users to easily understand the current status and past progress of the PV industry.

States Advancing Solar

The States Advancing Solar Resource Center is a continuously updated list of reports and other publications regarding solar technologies and state solar programs. The materials are seachable by title, author, and by topic categories.

Solar Energy Technologies Program

The Solar Energy Technologies Program focuses on developing cost-effective solar energy technologies that have the greatest potential to benefit the nation and the world. Subprograms focus on photovoltaics, concentrating solar power, systems integration, and market transformation.

Solar Photovoltaic Financing on Public Property

National Renewable Energy Laboratory's 2008 report, Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Deployment on Public Property by State and Local Governments (PDF) (72 pp, 1.14M), discusses structures of public-sector PV financing, industry trends, barriers to implementation, and state and local government examples of PV deployment.

Solar Power Purchase Agreements

A Solar Power Purchase Agreement (SPPA) is a financial arrangement in which a third-party developer owns, operates, and maintains a photovoltaic (PV) system, and a customer hosts the system on its property and purchases the system's electric output for a predetermined period. EPA's Green Power Partnership has developed a Web page to provide information on SPPAs, how they are structured, and the benefits and challenges of implementing them.

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Wind

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2007 (PDF) (32 pp, 3.17M) reviews the price of wind power in the U.S. and describes trends in installed wind project costs, wind turbine transaction prices, project performance, and operations and maintenance expenses. The report also examines other factors impacting the domestic wind power market, including grid integration costs, transmission issues, and policy drivers.

US Department of Energy's Wind Program

DOE's Wind Program is part of the of the federal government's effort to support the increased deployment of wind energy facilities on public, private, and tribal lands, airspace, and offshore. This site is a resource for information on the siting of wind turbines and Federal activities to support the increased deployment of wind energy.

National Wind Coordinating Committee

The National Wind Coordinating Committee Exit EPA disclaimer is comprised of representatives from the utility, wind industry, environmental, consumer, regulatory, power marketer, agricultural, tribal, economic development, and state and federal government sectors to support the development of an environmentally, economically, and politically sustainable commercial market for wind power.

Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group

The mission of the Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group (UWIG) Exit EPA disclaimer is to accelerate the development and application of good engineering and operational practices supporting the appropriate integration of wind power into the electric system.

Wind Energy Guide for County Commissioners

The Wind Energy Guide for County Commissioners (PDF) (28 pp, 1.2M) provides county commissioners, planners, and other local county government officials with a practical overview of information required to successfully implement commercial wind energy projects in their county.

Wind Powering America

Wind Powering America is a commitment to dramatically increase the use of wind energy in the United States. WPA concentrates its efforts in "stuck" markets; develops innovative pilot projects; replicates successes; and develops and disseminates targeted information, analyses, and tools.

Wind Resource Maps

These high–resolution maps of wind energy resources allow for better siting of wind turbines and have led to the recognition of higher-class winds in new regions.

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Other

Geothermal Technologies Program

The U.S. Department of Energy's Geothermal Technologies Program works in partnership with U.S. industry to establish geothermal energy as an economically competitive contributor to the U.S. energy supply.

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