Superfund National Accomplishments Summary Fiscal Year 2009
Superfund continues to make progress in its cleanup program that is summarized below. The challenges, though, have evolved since the Superfund program began in the 1980s. Communities are not only focused on getting sites cleaned up, but also want to have an active role in putting sites back to productive use. In addition, large complex sites demand a larger portion of EPA’s Superfund resources today than was the case in the earlier years of the program. In order to address these challenges, EPA in 2010 launched the Integrated Cleanup Initiative. This Initiative represents a commitment to improve program performance and provide communities with the accountability and transparency they have demanded for years in the cleanup of contaminated sites. As a first step, EPA has developed a new publicly reported performance measure, an increase in completion of Superfund remedial action projects. This new measure will provide greater accountability and transparency of the detailed actions necessary to bring site cleanups to completion and ultimately reuse. EPA will be working closely with the states, tribal nations, local communities and other stakeholders as we move forward with the Integrated Cleanup Initiative.
Protecting human health and the environment remains Superfund’s top priority
- Increased by 11 the total number of sites where EPA actions have controlled a potential or actual exposure risk to humans, exceeding the annual target of 10 and bringing the program’s cumulative total to 1,320 National Priorities List (NPL) sites where exposure is under control.
- Increased by 16 the total number of sites where EPA actions have controlled the migration of contaminated ground water through engineered remedies or natural processes, exceeding the target of 15 for the year and bringing the program’s cumulative total to 1,012 NPL sites where contaminated groundwater migration is under control.
Superfund prepares land for return to productive use
- EPA ensured 66 NPL sites have all long-term protections, including institutional controls, in place necessary for anticipated use, bringing the cumulative total of sites ready for anticipated reuse to 409. In addition, at the end of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, EPA had determined that more than 1.25 million acres of land are protective for people and over 450,000 acres are ready for anticipated use.
EPA funded new construction
- EPA’s Superfund program obligated more than $1.1 billion:
- Nearly $965 million in appropriated and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) funds, state cost-share contributions, and potentially responsible party settlement resources were directed toward construction and post-construction projects. Of these funds, EPA obligated $247 million for 26 new construction projects at 26 NPL sites; these represent all of the projects ready to proceed with new construction in FY 2009.
- More than $139 million were used to conduct more than 368 emergency response and removal actions to address immediate and substantial threats to communities.
Superfund is working on hundreds of construction projects
- Completed all construction projects at 20 sites across the country for a cumulative total of 1,080 NPL sites with cleanup construction completed or approximately 67 percent of the sites on the NPL. At the end of FY 2009, 316 other sites had construction activity underway.
The Superfund remedial program prepared for future cleanup efforts
- Completed 400 final assessment decisions, for a cumulative total of 40,558 out of 44,359 sites.
- Placed 20 new sites on the NPL, and proposed 23 sites to the NPL. The NPL had, at the end of FY 2009, 66 proposed sites and 1,607 final and deleted sites.
- Obligated more than $288 million in appropriated and Recovery Act funds, state cost-share contributions, and potentially responsible party settlement resources to conduct and oversee:
- Site assessments and investigations;
- Selection and design of cleanup plans; and
- Support for state, tribal, community involvement activities, and other activities.
- Selected 101 cleanup remedies at 72 sites; amended 23 cleanup plans at 23 sites; and issued 52 explanations of significant differences at 48 sites.
Superfund ensures the long-term protection of human health and the environment after construction is complete
- Conducted 231 five-year reviews, including 38 reviews at Federal facility sites. These reviews are conducted to ensure that remedies remain protective at NPL sites.
- Deleted 8 sites from the NPL and at 3 other sites, deleted a portion of the site from the NPL.
Superfund remains committed to the "polluter pays" principle
- EPA secured private party commitments of nearly $2.4 billion in FY 2009 to fund cleanup work. Of this amount, potentially responsible parties agreed to conduct $1.99 billion in future response work, and to reimburse EPA for $371 million in past costs. EPA billed private parties $79 million for oversight costs.
Disclaimer: These data represent a "snapshot in time" and future numbers may change based on data quality reviews, updates, and corrections.