- Evaluation of the Brownfields Program(73 pp, 2.34 MB, About PDF)
This report covers the first national program evaluation of the outcomes, efficiencies, and economic benefits produced by Brownfields assessment, Revolving Loan Fund, and cleanup grants in the years 2003-2008. The main purposes of the evaluation were to analyze property milestones toward land revitalization achieved by Brownfields grants; identify opportunities for improving the management and efficiencies of said grants; and estimate the economic benefits of the grants. The report is divided into three main parts according to the three main purposes of the evaluation. Each part summarizes the data sources, methods, and main results, and the results of individual analyses are presented in detailed tables and figures at the end of each section.
- Alternative Energy: From a Toxic Past to a Renewable Future(4 minutes, 21 seconds, 36.2 MB)
This video, which is approximately four minutes long and available for download or streaming online, provides examples of four Superfund sites across the country being used for biofuel production, landfill-to-gas energy projects, solar energy projects, and green remediation. The video illustrates how renewable and alternative energy and green remediation options save resources, reduce emissions and help to create jobs. Each spotlight on a specific site describes the redevelopment activities at the site and provides quantitative examples of their success, such as the megawatts of energy produced or the emissions saved at the landfill-to-gas site in Aurora, Colorado. The video also discusses the roles played by various stakeholders in the redevelopment process.
- Reclaiming Recreational Opportunities through the Reuse of Superfund Sites(5 minutes, 23 seconds, 44.8 MB)
This video, which is about five minutes in length and available for download or streaming online, shows many of the diverse opportunities for recreational amenities at Superfund sites, specifically focusing on recreational and ecological use at the H.O.D. Landfill site in Antioch, Illinois, and the Milltown Reservoir Sediments site in Milltown, Montana. The previous uses, redevelopment processes, and current uses of both sites are discussed in the video, which especially focuses on how EPA worked with stakeholders to redevelop the sites.
- Institutional Controls: A Guide to Planning, Implementing, Maintaining, and Enforcing Institutional Controls at Contaminated Sites (40 pp, 452K, About PDF)
This guidance document provides managers of contaminated sites, site attorneys, and other interested parties with information about many of the common issues that may be encountered when using institutional controls (ICs) pursuant to several of the Agency’s cleanup programs, including Superfund remedial and removal, federal facilities, Brownfields, underground storage tanks (USTs), and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The document addresses multi-program issues involved in the implementation of ICs while also illustrating how different approaches may be necessary to ensure that IC decisions remain enforceable depending on the state and federal authorities involved in each program. The recommendations in the document are intended to help stakeholders with the analysis, evaluation, and development of ICs as a response action. It also provides an overview of the Agency's policy regarding the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders involved in various aspects of the IC life cycle, namely the planning, implementing, maintaining, and enforcing of ICs.
- Institutional Controls: A Guide to Preparing Institutional Control Implementation and Assurance Plans at Contaminated Site (16 pp, 159K, About PDF)
This guidance document provides EPA regions with a template for developing Institutional Control Implementation and Assurance Plans (ICIAPs) at contaminated sites where the response action includes ICs. An ICIAP is a document designed to systematically establish and document the activities associated with implementing and ensuring the long-term stewardship of ICs and specify the persons or entities that will be responsible for conducting these activities. The recommendations in this document are designed for cleanup actions associated with Superfund, Brownfields, federal facility, underground storage tank (UST), and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) sites. The document covers the scope, recommended components, and maintenance, enforcement, modification, and termination elements of ICIAPs.
- Reuse and the Benefit to Community: Koppers Coke Superfund Site (7 pp, 612K, About PDF)
This fact sheet discusses the successful remediation and redevelopment of the Koppers Coke Superfund site, a 40-acre former foundry coke production facility in Saint Paul, Minnesota. The site was placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 due to extensive groundwater and soil contamination. The Saint Paul Port Authority acquired the property in 1982, and cleaned up the site with grant assistance from the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development (DEED) and the Metropolitan Council. Today, the site makes up part of Energy Park, a 218-acre mixed-use development that incorporates the preservation of historic buildings, innovative energy efficient features, low-income housing, and a baseball stadium. Businesses on the Koppers Coke site portion of the development employ 1.667 people and contribute $1.6 million in local property taxes.
- Reuse and the Benefit to Community: Vertac, Inc. Superfund Site (8 pg, 610KB, About PDF)
This fact sheet discusses the collaborative effort between EPA and the City of Jacksonville, Arkansas, to clean up and develop the former Vertac, Inc. Superfund site. The site, formerly used for the production of insecticides and herbicides, was listed on the NPL in 1983 due to soil, ground, and surface water contamination with dioxins, chlorinated benzenes, phenols, and other wastes. The site consists of two parcels, one of which is approximately 100 acres in size and is now host to multiple local government facilities including a recycling center, Street Department facility, and fire and police department training centers. The first parcel is restricted from public access and contains a groundwater treatment system, hazardous waste landfill, and sedimentation vault. EPA worked with the community to ensure that the site's remedy was compatible with the proposed land uses, enabling reuse of the site while protecting human health and the environment.
- Reuse and the Benefit to Community: Murray Smelter Superfund Site (7 pp, 1MB, About PDF)
This fact sheet discusses the successful cleanup and redevelopment of the 142-acre Murray Smelter Superfund site in Murray City, Utah, once the location of the world's largest primary lead smelter. Cleanup and redevelopment was a collaborative effort between EPA, state agencies, the community, responsible party, and stakeholders. The site is now home to a medical center, light rail station, police station, and school, as well as various businesses. Land uses on the site support approximately 5,612 jobs and contribute more than $260 million in annual employment income to the local community. In addition to these economic benefits, the public transportation ridership at the Murray light rail station saves approximately 100,000 gallons of gasoline each year. The cleanup of the Murray Smelter Superfund site is an excellent example of how Superfund site remediation can result in multiple benefits to the community and environment.
- Reuse and the Benefit to Community: Solitron Microwave Superfund Site (5 pg, 607KB, About PDF)
This fact sheet discusses the cleanup of the Solitron Microwave Superfund site in Port Salerno, Florida and its subsequent redevelopment into the Port Salerno Industrial Park. The site was placed on the NPL in 1998 due to contamination of soil, sediment and ground water with Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Cleanup was a collaborative effort between EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and private parties. Today, the site is home to a 20-acre industrial park that provides the community with 150,000 square feet of warehouse, office, and industrial space and approximately $2 million in annual employment income to the local community. Additionally, redevelopment of the site increased its property value by approximately $2 million.
- Redevelopment of the Del Monte Corp. (Oahu Plantation) Superfund Site (1 pg, 532K, About PDF)
This fact sheet discusses the ongoing remediation and redevelopment of the Del Monte Corporation Oahu Plantation, a 6,000 acre former pineapple plantation in Honolulu County, Hawaii. The site was placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1994 due to extensive groundwater and soil contamination. In 2004, EPA delisted 3,000 acres of the site. This site now includes a cosmetics manufacturer, an agricultural operation, and the expanded Schofield U.S. Army Barracks. The land is also home to Kunia Loa Ridge Farmlands, an organization that encourages local sustainable agriculture and resells plots of land to local farmers.
- Redevelopment of the Camilla Wood Preserving Superfund Site (1 pg, 770KB, About PDF)
This document discusses the cleanup and redevelopment of the Camilla Wood Preserving Company Superfund site, a former wood treating facility that was added to the National Priorities List in 1998 due to extensive soil contamination. The redevelopment of the site was a collaborative effort between EPA, the Land Use Committee for the site, and the Georgia Environmental Protection Division, and was funded by a Superfund Redevelopment Initiative grant in 2002. The 40-acre site is now home to a community park and sports complex as well as the headquarters of the Mitchell County Parks and Recreation Department. The city of Camilla received an Excellence in Site Reuse Award in 2012 for their efforts in the redevelopment process.
- Reuse and the Benefit to Community: Joslyn Manufacturing & Supply Co., Brooklyn Center, Minnesota (7 pp, 925KB, About PDF)
This case study explores the economic revitalization resulting from the cleanup and redevelopment of the Joslyn Manufacturing & Supply Co. Superfund site in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota. The site, formerly occupied by a wood treating facility, was added to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984 due to contamination of soil and groundwater. Site cleanup began in 1988; groundwater treatment is ongoing, but EPA deleted the eastern portion of the site from the NPL in 2002. Today, after collaboration on cleanup and redevelopment between state agencies, EPA, a development company, and a responsible party, the site is home to Twin Lakes Business Park, a valuable property on 32 acres which has provided approximately 420 jobs and $15 million in annual employee income.
- Reuse and the Benefit to Community: Macalloy Corporation, Charleston, South Carolina (6 pp, 389KB, About PDF)
This document discusses the cleanup and redevelopment of the Macalloy Corporation Superfund Site, the former location of a ferrochrome alloy manufacturing plant in Charleston, South Carolina, illustrating the opportunities, benefits and impacts of Superfund redevelopment. The site was placed on the National Priorities List in 2000 due to extensive contamination of soil, ground and surface water, and sediment. During cleanup of the site, EPA and SCDHEC coordinated with Ashley II, a local developer, and the site's PRP Group to integrate and update cleanup and redevelopment plans, allowing for an expedited process that took only 6 years. The cleanup and redevelopment of the site, which encompasses approximately 140 acres along Shipyard Creek, has provided numerous benefits to the community, including over $4.5 million in annual employment income to the community and an additional $400,000 in property tax revenue for Charleston County in 2011.