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Five-Year Reviews

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Five-Year Reviews generally are required by CERCLA or program policy when hazardous substances remain on site above levels which permit unrestricted use and unlimited exposure. Five-year reviews provide an opportunity to evaluate the implementation and performance of a remedy to determine whether it remains protective of human health and the environment. Generally, reviews are performed five years following the initiation of a CERCLA response action, and are repeated every succeeding five years so long as future uses remain restricted. Five-year reviews can be performed by EPA or the lead agency for a site, but EPA retains responsibility for determining the protectiveness of the remedy.

Guidance

"Assessing Protectiveness at Sites for Vapor Intrusion: Supplement to the 'Comprehensive Five-Year Review Guidance'" (November 2012) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-84 (13 pp, 188K)

"Clarifying the Use of Protectiveness Determinations for CERCLA Five-Year Reviews" (September 2012)
OSWER 9200.2-111 (5 pp, 1.5MB)

"Five-Year Review Summary Form Template" (December 2011)

"Recommended Evaluation of Institutional Controls: Supplement to the 'Comprehensive Five-Year Review Guidance'" (September 2011)
OSWER 9355.7-18 (28 pp, 2.2MB)

This guidance supplements OSWER's 2001 'Comprehensive Five-Year Review Guidance' and provides recommendations for conducting five-year reviews in a manner similar to the review of engineering or other remedy components.

"Assessing Protectiveness for Asbestos Sites: Supplemental Guidance to the Comprehensive Five-Year Review Guidance" (December 2009) (PDF)
(8 pp, 1.3MB)

"Five-Year Reviews, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) and Answers" (September 2009) (PDF)
(13 pp, 56K)

"Five-Year Review Addendum Sample" (December 2008) (MS Word)
(2 pp, 41K)

"Comprehensive Five-Year Review Guidance" (June 2001)
OSWER 9355.7-03B-P, EPA 540-R-01-007

Fact Sheets

"Five Year Review Process in the Superfund Program" (April 2003) (PDF)
OSWER 9355.7-08FS, EPA 540-F-02-004 (8 pp, 733K)

"Superfund Today: Focus on Five-Year Reviews Involving the Community" (December 2009) (PDF)
OSWER 9355.7-26, EPA 540-F-01-011 (2 pp, 424K)

Annual Report to Congress

"FY 2012 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (November 2013) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-120 (9 pp, 723K)

"FY 2011 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (January 2013) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-101 (15 pp, 969K)

"FY 2010 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (September 2011) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-93 (15 pp, 1MB)

"FY 2009 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (September 2010) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-89 (8 pp, 659K)

"FY 2008 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (March 2010) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-85 (8 pp, 667K)

"FY 2007 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (July 2008) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-61 (10 pp, 1MB)

"FY 2006 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (September 2007) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-59 (9 pp, 557K)

"FY 2005 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (October 2006) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-51 (10 pp, 713K)

"FY 2004 Superfund Five-Year Review Report to Congress" (February 2006) (PDF)
OSWER 9355.7-13 (8 pp, 514K)

NCP Guidelines

National Contingency Plan (NCP) guidelines on Five-Year Reviews (PDF)
(40 CFR Part 300.430(f)(4)(ii)) (2 pp, 51K)

EPA Memorandum

"Elevating Site-Specific Five-Year Review Protectiveness Determination Issues between HQ and Regional Superfund Program Offices" (September 2012) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-110 (3 pp, 855K)

"Five-Year Review Program Priorities" (May 2007) (PDF)
OSWER 9200.2-60 (7 pp, 437K)

"Five-Year Review Program Initiatives" (August 2001) (PDF)
OSWER 9355.7-07 (6 pp, 2MB)

Five Year Review Reports Available On-line

Five-Year Reviews Online for All Regions This tool allows you to search by state, site name or EPA ID, region, keyword, or fiscal year across all available Five-Year Reviews.

Regional Five-Year Review Sites

 

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