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Federal ARARs (Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements) for Ground Water Cleanups

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Guidance:

"Clarification of the Role of Applicable, or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements in Establishing Preliminary Remediation Goals Under CERCLA," August 1997.
OSWER Directive 9200.4-23, NTIS: PB97-963246INX, 4p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (4 pp, 412K)

Clarifies the relationship between ARARs and protectiveness.

"Permits and Permit 'Equivalency' Processes for CERCLA On-site Response Actions," February 1992.
OSWER Directive 9355.7-03, NTIS: PB93-963325INZ, 7p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (7 pp, 50K)

Clarifies the EPA policy on ARARs with respect to attaining permits for activities at Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) sites.

"ARARs Q's & A's: Compliance with New SDWA National Primary Drinking Water Regulations for Organic and Inorganic Chemicals" August 1991.
OSWER Publication 9234.2-15/FS, NTIS Order Number PB91-921363, 6p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (6 pp, 725K)

This fact sheet is one of a series of fact sheets that provide answers to questions that arose in developing applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) policies, training sessions, and in identifying and complying with ARARs at specific sites. This sheet addresses compliance with Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) regulations promulgated on January 30, 1991.
"ARARs Q's & A's: General Policy, RCRA, CWA, SDWA, Post-ROD Information, and Contingent Waivers" July 1991.
OSWER Publication EPA/9234.2-01/FS-A, NTIS Order Number PB91-921341CDH, 7p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (7 pp, 88K)
This fact sheet is one of a series of fact sheets that provide answers to questions that arose in developing applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) policies, training sessions, and in identifying and complying with ARARs at specific sites. This sheet updates and replaces one which was first issued in May 1989.
"ARARs Q's & A's: State Ground-Water Antidegredation Issues" July 1990.
OSWER Publication EPA/9234.2-11/FS, NTIS Order Number PB91-921311CDH, 9p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (9 pp, 850K)
This fact sheet is one of a series of fact sheets that provide answers to questions that arose in developing applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) policies, training sessions, and in identifying and complying with ARARs at specific sites. This sheet provides guidance on the status of State ground-water antidegradation provisions as potential ARARs for CERCLA ground-water and soil cleanups, and how those provisions relate to EPA's policy of returning usable ground water to its beneficial uses within a time frame that is reasonable, given the particular circumstances of the site.
"ARARs Q's & A's: Compliance with Federal Water Quality Criteria" June 1990.
OSWER Publication EPA/9234.2-09/FS, NTIS Order Number PB90-274267CDH, 8p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (8 pp, 893K)
This fact sheet is one of a series of fact sheets that provide answers to questions that arose in developing applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) policies, training sessions, and in identifying and complying with ARARs at specific sites. This sheet addresses compliance with Federal Water Quality Criteria as ARARs. Federal Water Quality Criteria (FWQC) are nonenforceable guidance established by EPA, through the Clean Water Act, for evaluating toxic effects on human health and aquatic organisms. FWQC may be ARARs for a Superfund action when they are relevant and appropriate.
"CERCLA Compliance with Other Laws Manual: CERCLA Compliance with the CWA and SDWA" February 1990.
OSWER Publication EPA/9234.2-06/FS, NTIS Order Number PB90-273806CDH, 10p.
Available online from OSWER PDF (10 pp, 661K)
This fact sheet provides a guide to Chapters 3 and 4 of Part I of the "CERCLA Compliance with Other Laws Manual." The fact sheet focusses on CERCLA compliance with the Clean water Act (Chapter 3) and Safe Drinking Water Act (Chapter 4), and discusses other statutes with provisions relevant to surface water or drinking water.
"CERCLA Compliance with Other Laws Manual. Part I. Interim Final" August 1988.
OSWER Publication EPA/9234.1-01, NTIS Order Number PB90-272535CDH, 244p. including Appendices
vailable online from OSWER PDF (244 pp, 1.3M)
Section 121(d) of CERCLA requires that on-site remedial actions attain or waive Federal or more stringent State applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) upon completion of the remedial action. The 1990 National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) requires compliance with ARARs during remedial actions as well, and during removal actions to the extent practicable. This volume covers potential ARARs of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Clean Water Act (CWA), Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), Clean Air Act (CAA), and other laws as required by CERCLA.

See also:

Reinjection of Ground Water for Remediation

ARARs for reinjection of ground water as part of a pump and treat remedy are discussed on this page

The Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARs) portion of the Superfund Remedy Decisions Web page

List of Drinking Water Contaminants & MCLs
From Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water

 

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