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Related EPA Radiation Documents

Selected Radiation Documents from Other (non-Superfund) EPA Offices

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"Potential for Radiation Contamination Associated With Mineral and Resource Extraction Industries" (PDF) (19 pp, 152K) April 15, 2003

This guidance provides a listing of the various types of mineral and other sites which might have associated Technically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM).

Inventory of Radiological Methodologies for Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Materials (PDF) (114pp, 905K) EPA 402-R-06-007 October 2006

Document provides guidance to site managers and their contractors managing the cleanup of sites contaminated with radioactive materials. It includes an overview of methodologies that can be utilized for the identification and quantification of radionuclides likely to be present in soil and water at cleanup sites. The intentions are to assist project managers in the understanding of key concepts, requirements, and practices of radioanalytical laboratory analyses of environmental samples.

Regulator’s Guide to Management of Radioactive Residuals from Drinking Water Treatment Technologies (PDF) (81pp, 899K) EPA 816-R-05-004 July 2005

Document is intended for state regulators, technical assistance providers, and field staff to help States address radionuclide residual disposal by outlining options to address elevated radionuclide levels in community water systems.  This document covers: (1) Best Available Technologies (BATs); (2) Small System Compliance Technologies (SSCTs); (3) by-products of these technologies; (4) waste disposal options and considerations; (5) federal statutes and regulations governing waste disposal.

Software Program to Ascertain Residual Radionuclide Concentrations (SPARRC) (5.9M)

This software was developed to ascertain radionuclide residual concentrations to estimate quantities and concentrations of radium and uranium in water treatment plant residuals for selected treatment technologies using a mass balance approach.


"Simulating Radionuclide Fate and Transport in the Unsaturated Zone: Evaluation and Sensitivity Analyses of Select Computer Models"
EPA/600/R-02/082, July 2002. Available on-line from EPA:
Single file (PDF) (186 pp, 16.6MB)

This report provides a detailed technical analysis of five unsaturated zone fate and transport models for radionuclides. This report supports the information provided in Part 3 - Unsaturated Zone Models for Radionuclide Fate and Transport (PDF) (25 pp, 383K) of the Soil Guidance for Radionuclides: Technical Background Document on determining the general applicability of the models to subsurface conditions, and an assessment of each model's potential applicability to the soil screening process.

"Field Demonstration of Permeable Reactive Barriers to Remove Dissolved Uranium from Groundwater, Fry Canyon, Utah" (PDF) (89 pp, 4MB)

This report describes a long-term technology field demonstration project at the Fry Canyon site in southeastern Utah to assess the performance of permeable reactive barriers for the removal of uranium from groundwater.

"Radionuclide HEAST Slope Factors", Health Effects Assessment Summary Tables FY-2001

This HEAST website contains the most recent EPA adopted slope factors for radionuclides.

"Understanding Variation in Partition Coefficient, Kd, Values" EPA 402-R-99-004A&B, August 1999.

This three-volume report describes the conceptualization, measurement, and use of the partition (or distribution) coefficient, Kd, parameter, and the geochemical aqueous solution and sorbent properties that are most important in controlling adsorption/retardation behavior of selected contaminants.

Technology Reference Guide for Radiologically Contaminated Surfaces (PDF) (150 pp, 5.8MB) EPA 402-R-06-003, March 2006

This guide identifies various surface decontamination technologies that can be used to remove radiation contaminates from building, structure, and equiptment surfaces. Technology profiles provide information on both chemical and physical contamination technologies, including target contaminants, waste management issues, operating characteristics, and associated cost. The information presented in this guide allows technologies to be compared for site-specific use.

Technology Reference Guide for Radioactively Contaminated Media (PDF) (228 pp, 11MB) EPA 402-R-07-004, October 2007

This guide references various technologies that can be used to treat radioactively contamination present in liquid media, including ground water, surface water, and waste water, and solid media, including soil, sediment, and solid waste. Information concerning each of 21 applied technologies is presented in technology profiles, which can be used to compare technologies for site-specific application. Five emerging technologies are also profiled in this guide.

"Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual" (MARSSIM) EPA 402-R-97-016, December 1997

The MARSSIM provides information on planning, conducting, evaluating, and documenting environmental radiological surveys of surface soil and building surfaces for demonstrating compliance with regulations. The MARSSIM, is a multi-agency consensus document.

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