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Re-energizing Contaminated Land: Alternative Energy Reuse at Superfund Sites

Superfund Redevelopment:
Innovation in Action
Site Photo

Wind farm at the Bethlehem Steel Superfund site in upstate New York.

Renewable energy resources – wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy – are non-polluting, inexhaustible and increasingly cost-competitive. Alternative energy resources include renewable energy production as well as other energy sources, such as converting methane gas produced during natural decomposition of wastes into an electricity source. Superfund sites can be well suited for alternative energy production. Sites in urban and rural areas near utilities and transportation networks help keep development costs low.

Alternative energy resources can help communities create jobs and diversify local economies. They are also are an important part of America’s energy security and environmental sustainability. Nationwide, there are at least 70 Superfund sites in planned or actual alternative energy reuse; several of these sites are also using renewable energy technologies as part of green remediation strategies for site cleanups. SRI can help communities reclaim and reuse contaminated lands for a wide range of purposes, including alternative and renewable energy.

Additional Resources

This webpage captures alternative energy activities at Superfund sites where the Agency has historically or is currently supporting reuse activities.  For information about additional sites supporting or seeking to support alternative energy, visit:

Alternative Energy Reuse Examples

Biofuel Sites
Boyle Galvanizing (not NPL), Philadelphia, PA
Gallup's Quarry, Plainfield, CT
Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc., Charlotte, NC
Savannah River Site (USDOE), Aiken, South Carolina

Hydroelectric Sites
Leviathan Mine (PDF) (2 pp, 137K, About PDF), Markleeville, CA
Summitville Mine, Rio Grande County, CO

Methane Gas to Energy Sites
Central Landfill, Johnston, RI
Crazy Horse Sanitary Landfill, Salinas, CA
H.O.D. Landfill, Antioch, IL
Lexington County Landfill Area, Cayce, SC
Lowry Landfill, Aurora, CO
Modern Sanitation Landfill, Lower Windsor Township, PA
Mosley Road Sanitary Landfill, Oklahoma City, OK
Omega Hills North Landfill, Germantown, WI
Pine Bend Sanitary Landfill. Grove Heights, MN
Sauk County Landfill, Excelsior, WI
Southside Sanitary Landfill, Indianapolis, IN
Taylor Road Landfill, Hillsborough County, FL

Solar Sites
Aerojet General, Rancho Cordova, CA
Apache Powder, Saint David, AZ
Brick Township Landfill, Brick Township, NJ
Brookhaven National Laboratory (USDOE), Upton, NY
Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base
, San Diego, CA
Chevron Questa Mine, Questa, NM
E.I. DuPont De Nemours & Co., Inc. (Newport Pigment Plant Landfill), Newport, DE
FMC Corp. (Fridley Plant), Fridley, MN
Frontier Fertilizer, Davis, CA
Fruit Avenue Plume, Albuquerque, NM
GE-Housatonic River, Pittsfield, MA
Iron Horse Park, Billerica, MA
Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Main Site (USDOE) , Livermore, CA
Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc.
, Charlotte, NC
North Carolina State University (Lot 86, Farm Unit #1), Raleigh, NC
Olmsted County Sanitary Landfill, Oronoco, MN
Pemaco Maywood, Maywood, CA
Peterson/Puritan, Inc., Lincoln/Cumberland, RI
Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. (Indianapolis Plant), Indianapolis, IN
Sullivan's Ledge, New Bedford, MA
York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority Landfill
, Stewartstown, PA

Wind Sites
Bethlehem Steel (not NPL), Lackawanna, NY
Nebraska Ordnance Plant (Former), Mead, NE
Otis Air National Guard Base/Camp Edwards, Falmouth, MA
Pantex Plant (USDOE), Pantex Village, TX
Weldon Spring Quarry/Plant/Pits (USDOE/ARMY)
, St. Charles County, MO

For additional information about alternative energy projects on potentially contaminated lands, landfills and mine sites, please visit RE-Powering America’s Land.