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Superfund


   

Clean Up Technologies

Contaminants must be identified and their potential threat assessed, sites must be characterized and investigated, and media must be treated or removed to address contamination. EPA uses a wide variety technologies in all these activities with the goal of ensuring contaminants are either removed from the site or are treated in such a way so they no longer pose a threat to human health and the environment.

Characterization and monitoring technologies typically help to:

  • characterize and monitor site conditions;
  • determine the nature of the waste; and
  • track progress towards achieving cleanup goals.

Remediation technologies typically help to:

  • treat contaminants; and
  • remove contaminants.

EPA has developed 2-page Citizen's Guides that summarize cleanup methods used at Superfund and other sites. The series was originally released ten years ago and was updated in 2012 to include information about new technologies and techniques. Each fact sheet is two pages long and answers six questions about the cleanup method: 1) What is it? 2) How does it work? 3) How long will it take? 4) Is it safe? 5) How might it affect me? and 6) Why use it? These guides are currently being translated to Spanish. Until then, the Spanish versions of the 2001 guides are still available.

A wealth of information is available on characterization, monitoring, and remediation technologies. EPA developed the Hazardous Waste Clean-Up Information (CLU-IN) websiteExit disclaimer to provide useful and comprehensive information about innovative treatment and site characterization technologies and to serve as a forum for the hazardous waste remediation community.

In addition, EPA sponsors or participates several technology innovation and information transfer initiatives and partnerships.

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