Land Use & Institutional Controls
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- Land-Use Controls (LUCs)
also known as "institutional controls," are defined broadly as legal
measures that limit human exposure by restricting activity, use, and
access to properties with residual contamination. This site provides
a clearinghouse of information on LUCs for the use of all stakeholder
- State and tribal response programs play a significant role in cleaning up brownfields. To learn more about specifics, visit state and tribal response programs. To see state and tribal programs with institutional control tracking on a public website, visit state and tribal response programs with ICs.
- U.S. EPA Institutional
Controls (ICs) are administrative or legal controls that help
minimize the potential for human exposure to contamination or protect
the integrity of a remedy. This site provides IC Guidance, workshop
information and collected data elements.
- Estimating the Cost of Institutional Controls, establishes a framework
of IC activities and the timeframes for these actions that regulators
and land owners can consider in estimating costs. The guide divides
the IC process into various steps, including: planning, record-keeping,
monitoring, inspection and enforcement. The steps are also categorized
by how frequently they must occur, whether annually or periodically,
or only as an initial measure.
This cost calculator is designed as a voluntary guide for municipal or local governments to assist in calculating their expected costs of implementing and conducting long-term stewardship of institutional controls and engineering controls at brownfield properties. The cost calculator allows the user to input both programmatic and property-specific information to estimate the initial, annual, and periodic costs associated with long-term stewardship activities.
The purpose of this information guide is to provide general information on engineering controls (ECs) at brownfield properties. The guide provides information on the most commonly used ECs on brownfield properties, how ECs work with institutional controls, and the general types of costs associated with ECs (programmatic, capital, and operation and maintenance), including a range of costs for the most common EC types. The guide also provides sources for estimating EC capital and operation and maintenance costs and additional resources.
Term Stewardship Task Force Report and the Development of Implementation
Options for the Task Force Recommendations
Long-term stewardship (LTS) applies to sites and properties where long-term management of contaminated environmental media is necessary to protect human health and the environment over time. EPA formed the LTS Task Force in 2004 to evaluate the state of long-term stewardship across its various waste cleanup programs. The Task Force released this report to address a variety of challenges facing EPA and its partners responsible for ensuring LTS.
- Long-Term Stewardship: Ensuring Environmental Site Cleanups Remain Protective Over Time (PDF) (6 pp, 229K)
The purpose of this fact sheet is to build upon the LTS Task Force efforts by highlighting LTS projects that address the challenges identified by the Task Force in the LTS Task Force Report. This fact sheet is one of a continuing series intended to create awareness of LTS issues and approaches to addressing LTS challenges.
The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide general information on long-term stewardship costs and present property-specific examples on two brownfield properties. This fact sheet is one in a continuing series intended to create awareness of LTS issues and approaches to addressing LTS challenges.