It takes close cooperation among many differing parties to plan and carry out a petroleum brownfields reuse project. Federal, state, and local governments are often involved in the cleanup and reuse of petroleum brownfields, as are the assistance and resources of private entities.
Successful government involvement in a revitalization project usually involves collaboration across program lines and between different governments. It is important that all levels of government - federal, state, and local - work together. Within each government level, tank remediation, brownfields, revitalization, and economic development programs must cooperate to fully capitalize on the potential of reusing petroleum brownfield sites. Depending upon the reuse of a site, it is possible that government offices including housing, parks and recreation, and others may become involved.
For a description of how the state of Colorado used cross-program cooperation for brownfields, see "Colorado's Historic Byways Revitalization Initiative," on page 5 of the September 2006 issue of LUSTLine , a publication of the New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission.
The benefits of public/private partnerships are many. These partnerships can promote the coordination of regulatory programs, the streamlining of administrative procedures, and a multi-stakeholder examination of cleanup solutions and risk sharing. In addition, public-private partnerships may pursue more public interest development and realize end-use possibilities for abandoned gas station sites that have societal benefits, such as a police station or a medical clinic. EPA is committed to building partnerships to foster brownfields cleanups and reuse.
Some popular uses for petroleum brownfields that have resulted from partnerships include housing, small businesses, and parks. There are numerous potential partners and possible reuses for petroleum brownfield sites.
Although different types of partnerships are listed above, there are still more partners who have participated in successful brownfields projects. These success stories attest to the importance of partnerships in brownfields projects.