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Sewage Sludge Incinerators (SSI)

New Source Performance standards and Emission Guidelines Docket# EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0559
Federal Implementation Plan Docket# EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319

Announcements:

April 7, 2015 – EPA is proposing a Federal Plan to implement the Emission Guidelines for Sewage Sludge Incinerators adopted on March 21, 2011.  The proposed federal plan would apply to states that did not have an approved state plan in place by March 21, 2012.  The Federal Plan will ensure that air pollution from these facilities is controlled in states where no state plans exists and contains the same elements that state plans are required to contain, including source and emissions inventories, emission limits, testing, monitoring, and reporting requirements, as well as compliance schedules that include milestones for progress. 

The purpose of this page is to provide information regarding EPA's air emission regulations for Sewage Sludge Incinerators (SSI). Information is categorized into four groups as follows: (1) Rule Information, (2) Technical Information, (3) Federal Implementation Plan Information, and (4) Related Web Sites. Descriptions of (and direct links to) these areas are provided below.

Rule Information - This area contains Federal Register notices for both proposed and promulgated (final) rules.   The Federal Register notices summarize the basis of the rules and include the actual regulatory text.   In addition, an update on the litigation and links to closely related rules, policies, or program guidance are provided here.

Technical Information - This area contains technical information used in developing the rules.   Background documents are available for download.   In addition, fact sheets which summarize the requirements of the rules are available here.

Federal Implementation Plan Information - This area contains implementation information including guidance for States and, when available, the current status of State Plans.   In addition, compliance and enforcement information is provided here.

Related Web Sites -- This area provides links to other web sites where additional information may be found.


Rule Information

Proposed and Promulgated Rules

  • Subpart LLLL of 40 CFR Part 60 - New Source Performance Standards for SSI
  • Subpart MMMM of 40 CFR Part 60 - Emission Guidelines for SSI
  • Subpart LLL of 40 CFR Part 62- Federal Implementation Plan for SSI
Date Federal
Register
Citation
Action Description File Download
04/27/15 80 FR 23404 Proposed Federal Plan Requirements for Sewage Sludge Incineration Units Constructed on or before October 14, 2010
04/27/12 77 FR 25087 Denial of Petitions Denial of Reconsideration Petitions on Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources and Emission Guidelines for Existing Sources: Sewage Sludge Incineration Units. Final Rule
03/21/11 76 FR 15372 Final Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources and Emission Guidelines for Existing Sources: Sewage Sludge Incineration Units; Final Rule
11/05/10 75 FR 68296 Correction Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources and Emission Guidelines for Existing Sources: Sewage Sludge Incineration Units; Technical Correction to Proposed Rule
10/14/10 75 FR 63260 Proposed Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources and Emission Guidelines for Existing Sources: Sewage Sludge Incineration Units; Proposed Rule

NOTE: All files are Government Printing Office (GPO) files unless otherwise indicated by *.

Litigation Update

  • On June 3, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ordered and adjudged that the petitions for review of the EPA’s final action, which provides procedures for classifying non-hazardous secondary materials as “solid waste” (40 CFR part 241) for the purpose of regulating Clean Air Act emission standards for incinerators and other combustion units promulgated on March 21, 2011 (76 FR 15456) and amended on February 7,2013 (78 FR 2013), be denied.
  • On August 20, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit remanded portions of the March 21, 2011, SSI NSPS and EG rules. The 2011 rules remain in effect.  

Closely Related Rules, Policies or Program Guidance

  • See Combustion Actions
  • Large MWC Units - 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts Eb and Cb - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Large Municipal Waste Combustors
  • Small MWC Units - 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts AAAA and BBBB - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units
  • Medical Waste Incinerators - 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts Ec and Ce - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators
  • CISWI Units - 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts CCCC and DDDD - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incinerators
  • OSWI Units - 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts EEEE and FFFF - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Other Solid Waste Incinerators
  • Hazardous Waste Combustors - 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart EEE - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Hazardous Waste Combustors
  • More Information on EPA Combustion Web Site

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Technical Information for New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines

Background Information Document (BID)/Response to Comments 

  • All of the materials listed below (as well as other information considered by EPA in developing the SSI regulations) are available in EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0559 and EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319 for public inspection and copying by calling or visiting EPA's Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center (the Docket Office). A reasonable fee may be charged for copying. The telephone number for the Docket Office is 202-260-7548
  • Items below are available for immediate download.
Date Description Item Number in
Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0559
File Download
2/2011 Final: SSI Inventory Map Overlay With Tribal Lands 0153
1/2011 Final: Revised Estimation of Baseline Emissions from Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units 0154
1/2011 Final: Revised Estimation of Baseline Emissions from Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units Attachments 0154.1
1/2011 Final: Revised Cost and Emission Reduction of the Mact Floor Level of Control 0155
1/2011 Final: Revised Cost and Emission Reduction of the Mact Floor Level of Control Supporting Tables 1-10 0155.1-
0155.10
1/2011 Final: Post-Proposal SSI Database Revisions and Data Gap Filling Methodology 0156
1/2011 Final: Post-Proposal SSI Database Revisions and Data Gap Filling Methodology Attachments 0156.1
1/2011 Final: Revised MACT Floor Analysis for SSI 0157
1/2011 Final: Revised MACT Floor Analysis for SSI Attachments Tables 1-8 0157.1-
0157.8
1/2011 Final: Revised Estimation of Impacts for New Units Constructed within 5-Years After Promulgation 0158
1/2011 Final: Revised Estimation of Impacts for New Units Constructed within 5-Years After Promulgation Attachments 0158.1
1/2011 Final: Revised Secondary Impacts of Controls 0160
1/2011 Final: Revised Analysis of Beyond the Maximum Achievable Control Technology 0161
1/2011 Final: Revised Analysis of Beyond the Maximum Achievable Control Technology Attachments 0161.1-
0161.4
1/2011 Final: Cost and Benefit Changes Since Proposal Regulatory Impact Analysis 0165
1/2011 Final: Supplemental Memo to RIA: Health Incidences SSI 0159
1/2011 Final: SSI Summary of Public Comment and Responses 0171
2/2011 Final: Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials That are Solid Waste Summary of Public Comment and Responses EPA-HQ-
RCRA-2008-
0329-1837
10/14/10 Proposal: Estimation of Baseline Emissions from Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units 0004
Proposal: Baseline Estimation Attachments 0004-1
08/2010 Proposal: Analysis of Beyond the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT)Floor Controls for Existing SSI Units 0009
Proposal: Beyond the Floor Analysis Attachments 0009-1
10/14/10 Proposal: Cost and Emission Reduction of the MACT Floor Level of Control 0008
Proposal: Cost and Emission Reduction Supporting Tables 1-10 0008.1-0008.10
10/14/10 Proposal: Facility, Unit, and Emissions Test Database for the Sewage Sludge Incineration Source Category 0002
10/14/10 Proposal: Development of the Inventory Database for the Sewage Sludge Incinerator Source Category 0003
10/14/10 Proposal: MACT Floor Analysis for the Sewage Sludge Incinerator Source Category 0006
Proposal: MACT Analysis Supporting Tables 1 0006.1-0006.10
10/14/10 Proposal: Estimation of Impacts for New Units Constructed Within Five Years After Promulgation of the SSI NSPS 0005
Proposal: New Units Analysis Attachments 0005-1
10/14/10 Proposal: Secondary Impacts of Control Options for the Sewage Sludge Incineration Source Category 0007

 

Source Data Files

Date Description Item Number in
Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0559
File Download
2/2011 Final: Promulgation Inventory and Database 0049
10/14/10 Proposal: ERT Data Submittals - From Surveyed Facilities 0010
10/14/10 Proposal: ICR Responses and Attachments - From Surveyed Facilities 0010
10/14/10 Proposal: Data Received After MACT Analysis Completion 0010

 

Fact Sheets

11/2011 Summary of requirements - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Sewage Sludge Incinerators, March 21, 2011 (76 FR 15372)  
9/2011 Brochure: Final Rule - New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Sewage Sludge Incinerators, March 21, 2011 (76 FR 15372)
6/2011 Important Dates and Requirements--40 CFR part 60 subpart LLLL (New Source Performance Standards) & MMMM (Emission Guideline)
2/2011 Final: FACT SHEET-Final Rule New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Sewage Sludge Incinerators.
9/2010 FACT SHEET-Final Amendments to New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Sewage Sludge Incinerators.

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Federal Implementation Plan Information

Background Information Document (BID)

  • All of the materials listed below (as well as other information considered by EPA in developing the SSI regulations) are available in EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0559 and EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319 for public inspection and copying by calling or visiting EPA's Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center (the Docket Office). A reasonable fee may be charged for copying. The telephone number for the Docket Office is 202-260-7548
  • Items below are available for immediate download.
Date Description (EPA Number) Item Number in
Docket # EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319
File Download
4/27/15 Proposal: SSI Federal Plan Inventory Memo, Appendix A, B, and C EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319-0006
EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319-0002
EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319-0003

4/27/15 Proposal: SSI NTTAA Memo EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319-0004
4/27/15 Proposal: Status of State Plans for Sewage Sludge Incineration Units EPA-HQ-OAR-2012-0319-0005

 

Fact Sheets

6/2015 Webinar: Proposed Federal Plan for Sewage Sludge Incinerators
Intended Audience: State, Tribal, and local air agency representatives from States who do not have an approved State Plan to implement the emission guidelines for existing sewage sludge incinerators.
4/2015 Proposed: Fact Sheet - Federal Plan Requirements for Sewage Sludge Incineration Units Constructed on or before October 14, 2010

 

Compliance and Enforcement Information

Applicability Determination Index (ADI).   The ADI is maintained by EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) and provides a data base of memoranda dealing with applicability issues.   The database is searchable by Subpart.

Emissions Measurement Center. The Emission Measurement Center (EMC) provides information on test methods for measuring pollutants from smokestacks and other industrial sources. This site compiles the test methods available for emission measurement, and EMC staff provide technical assistance in the use and application of the methods.

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Related Web Sites

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) proposed rule seeks to clarify which non-hazardous secondary materials are, or are not, solid wastes when burned in combustion units.

Biosolids: This site provides information from EPA's Office of Water as it relates to Biosolids. The includes guidance (e.g., link to EPA Part 503 rule) and other publications.

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EXIT EPA  NOTE:   Links identified with this symbol are pointers to other hosts and locations in the Internet. This information is provided as a service; however the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency does not endorse, approve or otherwise support these sites.

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