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Kinds of Universal Waste

Batteries Lamps Pesticides Mercury-Containing Equipment

State-Specific Universal Waste Regulations

The table below has links to state regulations.

The universal waste regulations can vary between states and states can add different types of wastes.

The map shows the states that have universal waste regulations and which of those states have added different waste categories (in green).


map Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Washington, DC Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachussets Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico Vrigin Islands Guam

You will need Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more.

Links to State Universal Waste Regulations

Note: Links to each state environmental regulating program are also given since state regulations were not found or available for every state that has adopted or is authorized for the universal waste rule. You may need to search within the state site. These state links exit EPA.Exit EPA

State Environmental Program State Universal Waste Regulations If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Alabama Regulations (PDF) (1,059 pp, 3.7MB) Yes Yes
Alaska (uses Federal regulations) Administered by EPA Region X
Arizona Regulations
R18-8-273
Yes Yes
Arkansas Regulations
Reg 23, Section 273
Yes Yes
California Regulations
Chapter 23
Yes No
Colorado Regulations (PDF)
(6 pp, 58K)
Yes Yes
Connecticut Regulations
Section 22a-449(c)-113 (PDF)

(131 pp, 531K)
Incorporated by reference and has modifications
Yes Yes
State Environmental Program State Universal Waste Regulations If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Delaware Regulations (PDF)
(19 pp, 83K)
Yes Yes
District of Columbia no link Yes Yes
Florida 62-730.185
Regulations (PDF)
(28 pp, 138K)
Yes Yes
Georgia 391-3-11.18
Regulations (PDF)
(13 pp, 44K)
uses Federal Rule
Yes Yes
Hawaii Regulations (PDF)
(29 pp, 156K)
Yes Yes
Idaho 58.01.05-016
uses Federal Rule
Yes Yes
Illinois Regulations (PDF)
(42 pp, 144K)
Yes No
State Environmental Program State's
Universal Waste Regulations
If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Indiana Regulations
[See also 329 IAC 3.1-16-1in Article 3.1 (PDF) (6 pp, 45K)]
Yes Yes
Iowa (uses Federal regulations) Administered by EPA Region VII
Kansas 28-31-15
Regulations (PDF)
(19 pp, 83K)
Yes No
Kentucky Regulations
Guidance (PDF)
(12 pp, 251K)
Yes No
Louisiana Regulations (PDF)
(705 pp, 5.6MB)
Yes Yes
Maine Regulations (Word)
3.A(13)(b) of Chapter 850
Yes Yes
Maryland Regulations
COMAR 26.13.10.06 - 26.13.10.25
Yes Yes
State Environmental Program State's
Universal Waste Regulations
If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Massachusetts Regulations (PDF) (429 pp, 2.2MB)
30.1000
Yes Yes
Michigan R 299.9228
Regulations (PDF)
(272 pp, 943K)
Yes Yes
Minnesota Regulations
Minn.R.7045.1400
Yes Yes
Mississippi Regulations
Rule 1.21
Yes Yes
Missouri Regulations (PDF)
(5 pp, 23K)
Yes No
Montana Regulations (PDF)
(3 pp, 23K)
Yes Yes
Nebraska Ch. 25, Title 128
Nebraska Hazardous Waste pages
Yes Yes
State Environmental Program State's
Universal Waste Regulations
If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Nevada no link Yes Yes
New Hampshire Regulations Yes Yes
New Jersey Regulations (PDF)
(108 pp, 611K)
Guidance
Yes No
New Mexico Regulations
20.4.1.1000
Using Federal Rule
Yes Yes
New York Regulations Yes Yes
North Carolina Regulations - scroll down to universal waste management
Yes Yes
North Dakota Regulations (PDF)
(966 pp, 4.2MB)
33-24-05-701
similar to Federal Rule
Yes Yes
State Environmental Program State's
Universal Waste Regulations
If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Ohio 3745-273-01
Regulations
Yes Yes
Oklahoma 252:205-3-2
Regulations (PDF)
(19 pp, 87K)
Using Federal Rule
Yes Yes
Oregon Regulations Yes Yes
Pennsylvania Regulations Yes Yes
Rhode Island Fact Sheet (PDF)
(7 pp, 23K)
Yes Yes
South Carolina Regulations (PDF) (14 pp, 121K, About PDF) Yes Yes
South Dakota Regulations (Word)
Chapter 74:28:33
uses Federal Rule
Yes Yes
State Environmental Program State's
Universal Waste Regulations
If Adopted the Rule If Authorized for the Rule
Tennessee Regulations (PDF)
(28 pp, 106K)
Yes Yes
Texas Regulations Yes Yes
Utah Regulations
Yes Yes
Vermont Regulations (PDF)
(20 pp, 44K)
Yes Yes
Virginia Regulations Yes Yes
Washington Regulations
173-303-573
Yes Yes
West Virginia uses Federal Rule Yes Yes
Wisconsin Regulations (PDF)
(10 pp, 82K)
Yes Yes
Wyoming Regulations (PDF)
(24 pp, 61K)
Uses Federal Rule
Yes Yes

Adoptions/authorization status as of: June 7, 2006

The linked regulations may not be the most current.

Note, states do not have to include all of the federal universal wastes when the states adopt the rule (For example Maine and Washington did not include pesticides and North Dakota did not include thermostats).

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Why Universal Waste Regulations Are Different in Some States

Like in most federal environmental legislation, EPA encourages states to develop and run their own hazardous waste programs as an alternative to direct EPA management.

The universal waste rule went into effect immediately in states and territories that are not RCRA-authorized including Iowa, Alaska,and Puerto Rico. State adoption of the 1995 universal wastes rule as well as subsequent federal universal wastes (e.g., lamps, mercury-containing equipment) are strongly encouraged.

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Different Universal Wastes in States
(Note: This List is Not Comprehensive)
These Materials Are Classified as "Universal Waste" . . . . . . In These States
Aerosol Cans California, Colorado
Antifreeze Louisiana, New Hampshire
Ballasts Maine, Maryland, Vermont
Barometers New Hampshire, Rhode Island
Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island
Electronics Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Louisiana, Michigan, Nebraska, New Jersey
Oil-Based Finishes New Jersey
Paint and Paint-Related Wastes Texas
Hazardous Waste Pharmaceuticals Michigan

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State Additions
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Alabama X X X X   DIVISION 14 335-14-11
Alaska (uses Federal regulations) X X X X    
Arizona X X X X   R18-8-273
Arkansas X X X X consumer electronic items; cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and other electronic wastes (excludes broken and crushed lamps/debris) Regulation 23
California X     X thermostats; waste cathode ray tube materials R-97-08
Colorado       X aerosol cans; electronic devices and electronic components  
Connecticut X X   X thermostats; lamps; used electronics 22a-449(c)-100 through 119
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Delaware X X X X    
District of Columbia X X X X    
Florida X X X X universal pharmaceutical waste 62-730.185
Georgia X X X X   391-3-11-.18
Hawaii X X     thermostats 11-273
Idaho X X X X   58.01.05.016
Illinois X X X X   Part 733
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Indiana X X   X discarded mercury-containing thermostats; lamps-prohibition against intentionally breaking or crushing  
Iowa (uses Federal regulations) X X X X    
Kansas X X X X    
Kentucky X X X X   Chapter 43.10
Louisiana X X X X electronics; antifreeze Title 33 Part V Chaper 38
Maine     X X cathode ray tubes; mercury thermostats; motor vehicle mercury switches; totally enclosed, non leaking polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) ballast  
Maryland X X X X fluorescent light ballasts that contain polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)  
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Massachusetts X X   X mercury-containing devices 310 CMR 30.000
Michigan X X X X antifreeze; consumer electronics; electric lamps; devices containing elemental mercury (including thermostats, switches, thermometers, manometers, barometers, anti-locking braking systems (ABS), gas flow regulators, hydrometers, blood pressure cuffs and various medical devices, etc); pharmaceuticals, including drugs for both human and veterinary use  
Minnesota X X X X    
Mississippi X X X X   HW-1
Missouri X       Batteries 10 CSR 25-16.273
Montana X X X X requirements for treatment of electric lamps ARM 17.53 SubChapter 13
Nebraska X X X X electronic items Chapter 25 of Title 128
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Nevada            
New Hampshire X X X X cathode ray tubes; waste antifreeze Env-Hw 1100
New Jersey X X X X oil-based finishes; consumer electronics N.J.A.C. 7:26 Subchapter 1
New Mexico           20.4.1.1001
New York X X   X thermostats 374-3.1
North Carolina X X X X   13A .0119
North Dakota            
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Ohio X X X X   OAC 3745 Chapter 273
Oklahoma X X X X   252:205
Oregon X X X X   340-113-0000
Pennsylvania X X X X oil-based finishes CHAPTER 266b
Rhode Island (PDF) (7 pp, 132K, About PDF) X X X X thermostats; cathode ray tubes DEM OWM-HW01-07
South Carolina (PDF) (14 pp, 121K, About PDF)            
South Dakota           74:28:33:01
State Batteries Pesticides Mercury Containing Equipment Lamps State Additions Reg Citation
Tennessee X X X X   1200-01-11-.12
Texas X X X X mercury-containing equipment, including thermostats; paint and paint-related waste Title 30 Part1 Chapter 335 Sub Chapter H, 5335.261
Utah X X   X thermostats R315-16
Vermont X X X X thermostats; PCB-containing fluorescent light ballasts; cathode ray tubes SUBCHAPTER 9
Virginia X X X X Universal waste lamps may be crushed or intentionally broken on the site of generation to reduce their volume; however, breaking, crushing, handling, and storage must occur in a safe and controlled manner that minimizes the release of mercury to the workplace and the environment and must comply with 29 CFR 1910.1000. 9VAC20-60-273.
Washington X   X X   WAC 173-303-573
West Virginia X X X X   33-20-13
Wisconsin X X   X thermostats NR 673
Wyoming X X X X   Ch. 14

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